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How to make bridge expansion joints? These on-site construction workers are already worried about losing their hair! _ Deck Jobs - Employee 2022-08-15
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How to make bridge expansion joints? These on-site construction workers are already worried about losing their hair! _ Deck

Originally published as How to make bridge expansion personalised tailor tape joints These on-site construction workers are already worried about losing their hair! In order to meet the requirements of bridge deck deformation expansion joints are usually set between two beam ends between beam ends and abutments or at the hinge position of the bridge The expansion joint is required to be able to expand and contract freely firmly and reliably in two directions parallel and perpendicular to the axis of the bridge The vehicle shall run smoothly without sudden jump and noise It shall be able to prevent the infiltration and blockage of rainwater garbage and soil The installation inspection maintenance and elimination of dirt shall be simple and convenient At the place where the expansion joint is set the railing shall be disconnected from the deck pavement Overview of expansion joints Brief introduction of bridge expansion joints The function of bridge expansion joints is to accommodate the displacement and coupling between the superstructure caused by vehicle loads and bridge construction materials Once the expansion device of skew bridge is damaged it will seriously affect the speed comfort and safety of driving and even cause traffic accidents Expansion joint function Ensure free expansion and contraction of beam body Make the vehicle run smoothly Good water tightness and drainage large print tape measure Convenient for removing dirt in the groove The expansion and contraction of the bridge is exposed to the atmosphere for a long time and the use environment is relatively harsh which is the most vulnerable and difficult to repair part of the bridge structure The destruction of bridge expansion joints may cause great vehicle impact load and worsen the driving condition which will lead to vehicle jump noise water leakage affect the safety of driving and sharply reduce the service life of the bridge Hazards of loss of function or damage to expansion joints The expansion and contraction is blocked or the top of the pier and abutment is damaged or the internal force of the beam body is increased The vehicle jumps and runs unstably The impact increases causing damage to the bridge especially at the end Water seepage endangers durability Expansion joint model The bridge expansion joint models are GQF-C GQF-Z GQF-E Gqf-F and Gqf-MZL all of which are bridge expansion joint products designed with hot-rolled integrally formed special-shaped steel GQF-C GQF-Z GQF-L and GQF-F bridge expansion devices are suitable for bridges with expansion amount less than 80mm GQF-MZL bridge expansion joint device is a modular bridge expansion joint device composed of edge beam middle beam cross beam and linkage mechanism which is suitable for large and medium span bridges with expansion amount of 80mm-1200mm The code representation method is consistent with the standard representation method of the transportation industry of the People's Republic of China taking GQF-C60 GQF-F80 GQF-MZL480 gqf-c60 (NR) gqf-f80 (CR) as examples GQF is the code of expansion joint device specified in the traffic industry standard Type code -MZL means modular type straight beam connecting rod chain type (C Z F L) indicates the shape of the profiled bar The number indicates the displacement of the expansion device 0-1200mm NR and CR indicate the type of rubber NR indicates natural rubber and CR indicates chloroprene rubber Type of expansion joint Seamless type blind joint type (continuous bridge deck TST) Expand the full text Butt joint type caulking butt joint type embedded butt joint type (imitating Moeller type) Steel support type (comb plate) Combination type rubber plate type Modular formula Mauler formula Seamless The invention relates to a seamless expansion device which is characterized in that when a joint structure does not extend out of a bridge deck an expansion gap at the end part of a bridge is filled with an elastic material and paved with a waterproof material and then a viscoelastic composite material is paved on a bridge deck pavement layer so that the bridge deck pavement at the expansion joint and the road surface form a continuum and the expansion of a beam body is absorbed by the deformation of materials such as asphalt concrete elastic-plastic bodies and the like at the joint While providing support for the wheel The common forms are continuous bridge deck TST gravel elastic-plastic expansion joints and so on The main characteristics of this kind of expansion device are ① It can adapt to the expansion deformation and small amount of rotational deformation of the bridge superstructure; ② It makes the bridge deck pavement form a continuous body which does not produce impact and vibration during driving and has good driving comfort; ③ The expansion device itself forms a multiple waterproof structure which has good waterproofness; ④ In cold areas it is easy to remove snow mechanically and maintain without damaging the joints; (5) that construction is simple and easy and the maintenance and replacement are convenient

This type of expansion device is generally a structure formed by cutting the pavement with a cutting machine after the construction of the pavement (bridge deck) is completed and injecting caulking material into the notch which is only suitable for parts with small expansion amount (generally < 40 mm) The service life of the seamless expansion joint adhesive installed in strict accordance with the process requirements is about twice that of the general modified asphalt pavement Continuous expansion joint of bridge deck TST macadam elastic-plastic expansion joint TST adhesive usually does not become brittle at minus 40 C and does not flow at high temperatures up to 80 C in summer It can be used normally throughout the country Because of the high temperature adhesion characteristics of TST it can be firmly bonded with the existing pavement during construction and it is not sticky at room temperature and it will not be taken away after cooling TST is a kind of special material with high viscoelasticity and plasticity which is in elastic-plastic state at normal temperature It can be poured into gravel after melting at high temperature After forming it is like asphalt concrete which can bear the load of vehicles and has elasticity It can replace the function of small expansion joints The construction is convenient and fast and the traffic can be opened after the pavement is cooled When the expansion joint needs to be replaced it can be constructed in half Do not interrupt traffic on busy road sections Construction technology of TST seamless expansion joint 1) Grooving set out and cut joints according to the notch width determined by the design requirements remove the cut pavement materials and clean the notch 2) Reinforcement planting drive an expansion bolt at an interval of 25 cm in the transverse direction at a distance of 5 cm from the edge of the notch to a height of 1/2 the depth of the notch and weld a 12 reinforcement along the seam on the nut inside the bolt And 3) fil that sponge body namely cleaning the notch by use high-pressure water and then baking and drying the surface of the notch by use flame Fill the gap between adjacent beam ends with sponge rubber strips as much as possible without leaving any gap 4) Apply the special adhesive for TST evenly on the exposed surface of the notch pour the melted TST after 15 minutes and apply it evenly on the bottom and side of the notch with a scraper with a thickness of 1 ~ 2 mnl The cross-seam steel plate is then placed to be fixed with a positioning nail and attention is paid to centering 5) From one end of the notch put in the large stones that have been fried (130 ~ 150 ℃) and the thickness is subject to the TST that can see the bottom layer The TST is then poured in to submerge the stones Lay layer by layer accordingly 7) Lay heated small stones which shall be 10 mm higher than the bridge deck vibrate them with a plate vibrator and then scrape them with a scraper Generally in order to prevent sinking it is 1 ~ 2 mm higher than the bridge deck At this time it can be trimmed arbitrarily and flattened with a shovel 8) Pour enough TST to submerge the stones in order to prevent TST from flowing to the bridge deck on both sides Both sides of the notch can be blocked with wooden boards to keep the edges neat 9) Trim the edge remove the baffles on both sides cool for 1 ~ 2h and open the traffic TST macadam elastic-plastic expansion joint Docking type The filling butt type expansion device is an expansion device which uses the elasticity of the expansion body to bear the wheel load The expansion body is made of sand gravel rubber products of various shapes foam plastic plates or synthetic resin materials The expansion body is always in a compressed state The common types are U-shaped zinc sheet type wood filling type asphalt filling type rectangular rubber strip type tubular rubber strip type and so on U type galvanized iron expansion joint is a kind of caulking butt joint expansion joint which was widely used in the 70's and 80's The main characteristics of this type of expansion device are ① low cost; ② easy processing of the required materials; ③ simple and easy construction; this type is generally applicable to the expansion amount of Bridges within 40mm are seldom used at present because of their poor durability and waterproofness and short service life The structural principle of the embedded butt type expansion device is that rubber products with different shapes are embedded and fixed by steel components with different shapes and then they are anchored with the beam body at the joint or the back wall of the abutment into a whole through an anchoring system The special-shaped steel provides support for the wheels and the deformation of the beam end is absorbed by the tension and compression of rubber strips and rubber belts The telescopic body can be in a compression state or a tension state This is a kind of expansion device which is widely used in the construction of highway bridges in China at present The common types are W SW M PG and so on This type of expansion device is suitable for bridge structures with expansion amount less than 80mm that is the joint width is 20mm-80mm The main characteristics of this kind of expansion device are ① simple structure clear stress and low cost; ② the main components of the expansion device are processed by the manufacturer and installed on the construction site and the connection with the beam end is generally welded by steel bars so the structure is reliable and the construction quality is easy to guarantee; ③ good durability; ④ good waterproof and drainage performance; ⑤ good driving comfort The two design principles of Mauler expansion joint are "rigid anchorage" and "sealing and waterproofing" 1) The anchorage of rigid anchorage expansion joint directly affects the service life of expansion joint The anchoring metal plate mainly plays the role of force transmission The fatigue tested anchoring device is directly welded on the edge beam At the same time the edge beams are rigidly connected to the bridge superstructure to ensure that the expansion joints carry the maximum traffic load Other methods of connecting expansion joints to the bridge superstructure with screws or bolts are not feasible under long-term dynamic traffic loads In this respect Maole expansion joint is designed to take the lead in separating the two functions of bearing and waterproofing which is more conducive to the strengthening and improvement of the two functions 2) Thoroughly waterproof One of the features of the Mauler expansion joint is that the neoprene sealing strip is effectively embedded in the groove of the edge beam which ensures complete waterproofing At the same time it can be replaced on the bridge deck or repaired by vulcanization with simple tools Under the protection of the edge beam the sealing strip is not directly rolled by the wheel and its V-shaped structure can play a role in removing sediment by itself The sealing strip can not only resist tension but also carry out lateral and vertical displacement In contrast the leakage of expansion joints will cause some damage to the bridge structure Steel bearing type The steel supported expansion joint is a structure assembled with steel which can directly bear the wheel load This kind of expansion device was used in steel bridges before but now it is also used in concrete bridges There are many kinds current situation and sizes of steel supporting expansion devices and the steel comb type is widely used The structure of the steel comb-type bridge expansion device is composed of a comb-type plate a connecting piece and an anchoring system Some steel comb-type bridge expansion devices are filled with synthetic rubber between the combs to play a waterproof role and some use special drainage grooves to solve the drainage problem Steel comb-type bridge expansion device is also a finger-shaped joint of steel plate which can be divided into supporting type and cantilever type according to the supporting condition of combs The main features of this type of expansion device are ① All components are processed and assembled by steel with high structural strength; (2) continuous support can be provided for the wheels and the driving comfort is good; ③ Embedded steel members shall be used for connection with the beam body and the connection shall be reliable; (4) strong impact and vibration resistance and good durability; ⑤ It can adapt to large horizontal displacement and can be used for large bridges This kind of expansion device is suitable for bridges with an expansion amount of more than 40 mm but its application range is not very wide due to its high cost Comb plate type expansion joint Rubber plate The rubber plate type expansion device makes full use of the characteristic of low shear modulus of the rubber material a bearing steel plate and an anchoring steel plate are arranged in the rubber body bolt holes are arranged and the rubber plate type expansion device is connected with the beam end into a whole through bolts This structure depends on the shear deformation of the rubber body between the upper and lower grooves to absorb the telescopic displacement of the beam and the steel plate is embedded in the rubber body to span the gap between the beam ends and bear the wheel load This kind of device was used earlier in China and there are many manufacturers in the country with different names mainly used in the 1980s and 1990s The rubber plate type expansion device has the advantages of simple structure convenient installation economy applicability and the like It is mainly suitable for highway bridges below Grade II with expansion amount of 30mm-60mm and is widely used in China

This kind of expansion device has the following performance characteristics (1) it relies on the shear deformation of the rubber body between the upper and lower steel plates to meet the structural deformation requirements After the device is deformed there is a certain deformation energy in the rubber body which will have a certain constraint force on the structure; ② The load-bearing cross-seam steel plate is embedded in the rubber body Compared with the steel structure expansion device it has a certain buffer effect on the impact force of the wheel effectively protects the expansion device and the beam body and improves the driving conditions ③ The angle steel of the expansion device effectively strengthens the end strength of the beam body The horizontal deformation internal force of the expansion body of the rubber plate expansion device is relatively large generally about 30-35 Nk per linear meter The greater the deformation the greater the horizontal force and the greater the possibility of overall damage to the device Therefore when selecting the rubber plate type expansion device it is necessary to consider the factors such as installation error and temperature error and the selected deformation margin should not be less than 30 mm to ensure the normal use of such devices Rubber plate type expansion joint Modular expression Modulus type bridge expansion device is composed of longitudinal beam (special-shaped steel) cross beam displacement control box rubber sealing belt and other components Rubber sealing strip (belt) with V-shaped section or other section shapes is embedded in the special-shaped steel edge beam and center sill to form a telescopic sealing body The special-shaped steel directly bears the wheel load and transfers the load to the beam which then transfers the load to the beam body and the abutment When the telescopic device absorbs the deformation of the beam end the displacement control box Ensure that the gap between the special-shaped steel is kept uniform; the rubber sealing belt is used to prevent sundries from entering and is waterproof 。 The modular expansion device can increase the number of middle beam steel and sealing body according to the actual expansion amount and can form an expansion device with large displacement which is generally used for bridges with expansion amount greater than 80 mm From the single seam of 8 Omm to the multiple seam of 12 OOmm there are 15 grades The main characteristics of this type of expansion device are as follows ① The whole expansion device is composed of special-shaped steel longitudinal beam steel cross beam control transmission mechanism displacement box sealing rubber strip and other components and the structure is complex; ② The sealing performance is good and the waterproof and drainage performance is good; ③ It is suitable for bridges with large expansion requirements; ④ The overall rigidity of the structure is high and the durability is good; ⑤ The driving comfort is good However due to the complex structure of the expansion device the maintenance and replacement require a wide range of professional and technical personnel and the high cost it is generally only used for large bridges with higher grades Magba modulus type bridge expansion device Modulus type bridge expansion device Modulus type bridge expansion device is composed of longitudinal beam (special-shaped steel) cross beam displacement control box rubber sealing belt and other components Rubber sealing strip (belt) with V-shaped section or other section shapes is embedded in the special-shaped steel edge beam and center sill to form a telescopic sealing body The special-shaped steel directly bears the wheel load and transfers the load to the beam which then transfers the load to the beam body and the abutment When the telescopic device absorbs the deformation of the beam end the displacement control box Ensure that the gap between the special-shaped steel is kept uniform; the rubber sealing belt is used to prevent sundries from entering and is waterproof 。 The modular expansion device can increase the number of middle beam steel and sealing body according to the actual expansion amount and can form an expansion device with large displacement which is generally used for bridges with expansion amount greater than 80 mm The main characteristics of this type of expansion device are as follows ① The whole expansion device is composed of special-shaped steel longitudinal beam steel cross beam control transmission mechanism displacement box sealing rubber strip and other components and the structure is complex; ② The sealing performance is good and the waterproof and drainage performance is good; ③ It is suitable for bridges with large expansion requirements; ④ The overall rigidity of the structure is high and the durability is good; ⑤ The driving comfort is good However due to the complex structure of the expansion device the maintenance and replacement require a wide range of professional and technical personnel and the high cost it is generally only used for large bridges with higher grades Type comparison Basis for setting bridge expansion joint The amount of beam expansion is the most important basis for the selection of expansion joints Basic factors affecting the expansion amount of expansion device 1 Temperature change Temperature change is the main factor affecting the amount of bridge expansion which can be divided into linear temperature change and nonlinear temperature change and the linear temperature change is the dominant factor affecting the amount of bridge expansion

When the bridge structure is in a specific temperature environment the temperature distribution inside the beam is not uniform and the end of the beam produces angular displacement under the change of material thermal properties For the bridge with small span (L ≤ 8m) the linear expansion coefficient is very small so it can be ignored; for the bridge with large span enough attention must be paid in the design For general design the linear expansion coefficient can be calculated according to the following table Temperature variation range and linear expansion coefficient 2 Shrinkage and creep of concrete Shrinkage and creep of concrete are the inherent properties of concrete components and also a random phenomenon Concrete's mix proportion water-cement ratio slump cement variety temperature relative humidity concrete's loading age load holding time and strength have great influence on concrete's shrinkage and creep retractable tape measure sewing Shrinkage and creep shall be considered for both reinforced and prestressed concrete bridges The creep volume is obtained by multiplying the elastic deformation of the beam under the action of prestress by the creep coefficient = 2; the shrinkage is converted by the temperature drop of 20 ℃ At the time of installation the shrinkage and creep have developed to a certain extent so the calculation should be based on the installation time and the shrinkage and creep of concrete should be reduced The reduction factor β can be selected by referring to the following table 3 Longitudinal gradient of bridge The movable bearing in longitudinal slope bridge is usually made horizontal When the bearing is displaced the expansion joint not only has horizontal displacement but also has vertical dislocation (Δd) which is equal to the horizontal displacement multiplied by the longitudinal slope tgθ 4 Displacement of skew bridge and curved bridge When deflection (ΔL) in the direction of bearing displacement occurs in skew and curved bridges deflection also occurs along the bridge end line and in the direction perpendicular to the bridge end line that is Δd = ΔL · SINα ΔS = ΔL · COSα where α is the inclination angle and ΔL is the expansion and contraction amount 5 Bridge deflection caused by various loads Under the action of live load and dead load angular displacement occurs at the end of the bridge which causes vertical horizontal and angular displacement of the expansion device If the beam body is relatively high vibration will also occur 6 Earthquake The influence of earthquake on the displacement of expansion device is complex and difficult to grasp at present so it is generally not considered in the design However if there is reliable data to calculate the subsidence rotation horizontal movement and inclination of bridge pier and abutment caused by earthquake it should be considered in the design Calculation of expansion and contraction of beam A prestressed concrete beam bridge with a beam length of 40 m and a temperature variation range of -4 C ~42。 C; linear expansion coefficient α = 10 × 10-6; shrinkage strain ε = 20 × 10-5; creep coefficient φ = 20; shrinkage and creep reduction coefficient β = 06; average axial stress of prestressed concrete σp = 80kg/cm2; elastic modulus of concrete Ec = 34 × 105kg/cm2; installation temperature 20C Defect and maintenance of expansion joint Failure form and cause analysis Under the condition of no overload the recommended fatigue life of the expansion joint is 10-15 years 1) For the filling butt type expansion device if the angle steel falls off the concrete on both sides is broken the concrete on the abutment side is completely broken the rubber belt is broken and the pit is very deep it can be judged that the service life is over 2) For the seamless expansion device if the jump is obvious the concrete parts on both sides are broken broken seriously and wrinkled its service life can be judged to be over 3) For the embedded butt-joint expansion device if the vehicle jumps obviously and the bridge deck pavement is seriously damaged its service life can be judged to be over 4) For the plate-type rubber expansion device if the anchor bolt falls off the rubber is aged and deformed and the concrete cracks its service life can be judged to be over Seamless The main damage forms of the seamless expansion joint are as follows obvious rutting and cracks appear on the surface of the elastic-plastic body the surface of the elastic-plastic body produces washboard or partial falling off the aggregate falls off partially or in large pieces or the bridge deck cracks and gradually breaks at the joint with the bridge deck pavement Or the bridge deck pavement within the range of the expansion device is damaged

Cause analysis of damage the material performance of the elastoplastic filler itself such as the ability of the elastoplastic material to absorb the deformation of the beam end is insufficient the material strength is insufficient the quality of the binder can not meet the actual use requirements and the construction is not in accordance with the requirements of the manufacturer; the displacement and rotation of the bridge caused by external temperature load and other factors lead to cracking and damage of the elastomer; The structure of the expansion device itself such as the insufficient strength of the cross-joint plate Docking type The main damage forms are as follows rubber strip bulges in hot weather and falls off in winter local perforation and water leakage; concrete cracks and cracks in the anchorage area; bridge deck pavement is broken and falls off Cause analysis of damage it is difficult for the rubber strip to reach the ideal state during installation; the connection between the main anchoring parts and the embedded parts of the beam body is weak; in addition the paving concrete is thin the post-poured concrete surface is mostly lack of vibration and there are certain problems in density and strength resulting in easy damage to the concrete on both sides; The connection strength between the concrete in the anchorage zone and the bridge deck pavement is insufficient and it develops from tiny cracks to local fragmentation and falling off Steel bearing type The main damage forms of this type of expansion device are as follows open welding of welded junction due to process problems individual welds are not easy to weld firmly the whole steel plate falls off the anchor is weak resulting in loosening; fatigue fracture of individual steel toothed plate Cause analysis of damage this kind of expansion device is easy to deform during processing and use and it is difficult to ensure the fit between the toothed plate and the backing plate Once a gap is generated it is very unfavorable to the stress on the connection part causing noise and tripping In addition under the repeated load of day and night operation the toothed plate will cause premature fatigue loose fastening bolts and the comb ruler plate will be exposed Rubber plate The main damage forms of this type of expansion device are as follows the rubber plate is peeled off the embedded steel plate is exposed falls off and breaks the anchor bolt is sheared off and flies out of the hole the concrete on both sides is cracked and broken and potholes appear Damage cause analysis First of all it is the reason of the structure itself (design reason) The principle of this kind of expansion device is to use the rubber shear deformation between the upper and lower grooves to meet the expansion of the beam Steel plates are embedded in the telescopic body to bear the load across the gap of the beam end There are anchoring steel plates on both sides which are connected with the beam end through bolts and are installed in blocks per meter resulting in poor integrity Because the horizontal frictional resistance of this type of expansion device is very large the requirements for the anchoring system are extremely high Secondly the quality of products is not good for example the performance of rubber material the material and reasonable arrangement of stiffening steel plate the bonding strength between steel plate and rubber the control of temperature and humidity in production and so on are very strict a little quality problems often occur such as whole plate fracture degumming rubber layer wear steel plate exposure anchor bolts It is directly related to the mass transverse width and stiffness difference of the rubber expansion device itself Modular expression The main damage forms of this type of expansion device are as follows the main middle beam components are welded open shaking and noise occur; the expansion uniformity is poor; the sealing rubber belt is aging falling off or jumping out and serious water leakage occurs; the concrete on both sides of the device has cracks and pits the bridge deck pavement is partially broken and the anchorage system is not ideal resulting in local or overall damage Analysis of damage causes firstly most of the edge beams and center beams used for this kind of expansion device in China adopt the combined structure of steel plates or section steel welded into special-shaped parts and the welding quality is difficult to guarantee; In addition the method of tightly sealing the rubber belt with the pressing strip (or clip) and the screw buckle is adopted so that the fastener is easy to rust and break the structural integrity is poor the electric welding workload is large and the welding process is not up to standard so that the welding quality is difficult to guarantee and the welding is broken or the rubber belt falls off or even jumps out; Secondly in the reserved notch for installing this kind of expansion device there are not only anchor boxes but also many anchor steel bars including the main steel bars in the beam body and the embedded anchor steel bars which make it difficult to pour concrete and it is easy to cause problems such as cavities difficult to guarantee the compactness and insufficient strength There will be a serious problem of complete destruction of the anchorage Major diseases 1 Disease analysis of too narrow expansion joint the width of expansion joint is not appropriate during construction and installation As a result the reserved compression amount is insufficient the expansion joint is squeezed the internal stress is increased the concrete of the expansion joint body is squeezed and the pavement is damaged such as potholes

The expansion joint width has abnormal change compared with the normal joint width reserved in the design 2 Disease analysis of height difference of expansion joint due to abutment subsidence installation error bearing pad stone fragmentation and other reasons one side of the bridge is lower than the other side of the road surface resulting in bridgehead bump After inspection the abutment subsidence did not cause serious damage to the substructure At the same time the two diseases of vehicle bumping at bridge-head and expansion joint damage are interrelated Vehicle bumping at bridge-head causes large impact load directly near the expansion joint resulting in expansion joint damage 3 Analysis of blockage of expansion joint due to the accumulation of sand stone and other sundries the expansion joint is easy to lose the ability of free expansion and contraction When the temperature rises in summer the main beam can not extend freely and it is easy to generate thrust between the adjacent main beam or between the main beam and the abutment In serious cases the main beam is jacked up or the back wall of the abutment is cracked 4 Analysis of damage to the rubber strip of the expansion joint In addition to aging due to the above three kinds of expansion joint diseases it is very easy to cause cracking damage and warping of the rubber strip in the expansion joint 5 Analysis of damage in the anchorage zone the concrete strength of the post-cast strip in the anchorage zone is not enough during construction or the curing is not in place Or there is a height difference with the bridge deck which leads to jumping and the frequent action of overloaded vehicles leads to damage It is easy to cause damage to the steel structure of the expansion joint 6 Water seepage of the expansion joint This is a concomitant disease caused by the damage of the rubber strip or the damage of the anchorage area Water erosion caused by water seepage is very harmful Direct harm water seepage acts on the following parts to cause corresponding harm (1) The rubber of pier (abutment) bearing is aged and cracked and the steel plate is rusted (2) The pier (abutment) concrete and solid slab beam body are eroded and pitted and the reinforcement is rusted and expanded (3) Water accumulation in cavity of hollow slab beam (4) The end of steel structure beam is rusted Indirect hazard water erosion will spread to beams slabs and hinge joints and damage the upper load-bearing parts If the bridge deck pavement is permeable the following diseases will be aggravated (5) The hinge joint leaks and the hinge joint falls off seriously (6) Hollow slab web cracks (7) Single plate stress of bridge (such diseases of small and medium-sized hollow slab girder bridge are more serious) Tianzhuangtai Bridge Panjin Liaoning At 7 o'clock on the morning of June 10 2004 Tianzhuangtai Bridge in Panjin City Liaoning Province suddenly collapsed The bridge broke 27 meters from the middle three cars fell into the water two agricultural vehicles fell into the water to escape but fortunately no one died The accident was caused by overloading Long-term water seepage at the expansion joint at the end of the cantilever beam on the bridge deck leads to the decrease of the durability of the bracket and the sudden fracture of the heavy vehicle when it passes resulting in the falling off of the hanging beam Water seepage in the expansion joint Water seepage in the expansion joint Mortar shrinkage crack and water seepage of hollow slab beam head plate It is harmful to steel beams and hollow beams There is water seepage in the expansion joint and there are water marks on the hollow beam so it is necessary to drill holes to drain water Waterproofing of expansion joints of steel structure bridges is particularly important Major diseases Other types Failure of continuous expansion joints on bridge deck Loose rubber expansion joint nut Expansion joint curing Section of Mingyangtan Bridge in Harbin after Collapse Completely out of control The expansion joint is completely replaced by asphalt concrete Clean the expansion joint Repair and replace the rubber strip Maintenance anchorage area Integral replacement of expansion joint Expansion joint cleaning is the most important in daily maintenance and it is often the most easily overlooked Expansion joints are generally cleaned once a month and the frequency of road sections prone to pollution needs to be increased Sharp tools shall not be used during cleaning to prevent damage to the rubber strip High pressure water gun high strength fan and other equipment can be used Once the rubber strip is damaged it must be repaired or replaced Local small cracks and damages can be bonded with epoxy resin The rubber strips with large damage and serious aging shall be replaced When replacing the old rubber strips shall be pulled out with a crowbar similar to tire replacement and the new rubber strips shall be replaced in the same way Cracks and damages in the anchorage area must be repaired immediately The cracks in the anchorage zone can be treated with epoxy resin and the cracks with wider width can be repaired with epoxy mortar If the damage is serious the damaged part shall be chiseled out to expose the reinforcement and section steel parts rust removal shall be carried out and steel fiber concrete or rapid concrete shall be poured for repair Installation of bridge expansion joints Process flow Measure mark out cut the joint remove the concrete and sundries install and block the foam board between the beam joints hoist the expansion joint of the Maole in place adjust the plane position of the expansion joint of the Maole adjust the elevation of the expansion joint and anchor and release the lock do a good job of protection pouring concrete plastering curing and opening traffic

Take Mauler expansion joint as an example 1 Joint cutting and grooving the installation of expansion joint device shall be carried out after the pavement is paved as far as possible and the notch size shall meet the requirements for installation of expansion joint device 2 Clean the notch all dirt dust and other unnecessary things must be removed 3 Check whether the gap between the beams of the expansion joint device meets the requirements of installation temperature If not it must be adjusted under the guidance of the engineering and technical personnel of the manufacturer to make the gap between the beams of the expansion joint device meet the design requirements After adjustment press the fixture for installation 4 Take the asphalt pavement on both sides as the elevation place the expansion joint device in the notch adjust the expansion joint device to make its top surface the same as the pavement elevation and its longitudinal slope and transverse slope shall be consistent with the bridge pavement 5 Check the position of the expansion joint device to ensure that the position of the expansion joint device in the direction of vertical joint and the direction of longitudinal joint meets the design requirements If individual embedded reinforcement hinders the correct direction of expansion joint device at this time it can be cut off by gas cutting 6 Connect and weld the anchoring reinforcement on one side of the expansion joint device with the embedded reinforcement in the reserved groove at intervals and then weld the anchoring reinforcement on the other side according to the above steps When the expansion joint device is confirmed to be fixed the clamp can be taken down and then the rest of the unwelded anchoring steel bars are completely welded with the embedded steel bars so that the expansion joint device is reliably anchored 7 If the expansion joint device is installed in sections the joint must be welded The welded joint of the section steel has been prepared in the manufacturing plant When the two adjacent joints are aligned it can be installed After all the beams are welded they can be anchored according to the above steps 8 Install the formwork at the beam end The formwork shall be made according to the external dimensions of the expansion joint device and the gap of the reserved groove The formwork shall be made very tight to prevent mortar from flowing into the displacement control box or into the gap at the beam end 9 After the installed formwork is checked to be tight and seamless the reserved groove shall be cleaned and then the concrete (steel fiber concrete) can be poured and vibrated to be dense The concrete shall have at least the same strength as the structural concrete at that location and the top surface of the expansion joint device shall be kept clean during concrete pouring Allowable installation deviation of expansion joint Caution Construction temperature and factory preset gap width The construction joint shall be protected by foam board and the lower part of the bottom V-shaped rubber strip shall also be blocked by polyethylene foam board to prevent mortar leakage Top flatness control Copyright statement The source of this WeChat content is Zhulong Forum Copyright belongs to the original author if it involves copyright issues please contact us we will be the first time to negotiate copyright issues or delete the content! This article is the original author's personal opinion which does not mean that this public number agrees with its views and is responsible for its authenticity Return to Sohu to see more Responsible Editor tape-measure.com
What is a perforated plate? _ Architectural firm Jobs - Employee 2022-08-15
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What is a perforated plate? _ Architectural firm

Originally published as What is a custom tailor tape perforated plate All-Field Design Competition | GHDA Global Habitat Design Award 3rd Round of Application Opens Nanheng Pedestrian Street/Muyue Architecture Office Nowadays building materials are more and more abundant and novel A single material can not meet the design needs When we talk about building materials Have habitually thought of marble aluminum paint and so on Are you hungry for something new In fact add some creativity to ordinary materials There will be unexpected surprises Like a perforated plate ~ It's actually a perforated metal plate But ordinary metal plates are processed differently It can be used in a variety of ways under the designer Create a different rhythm and architectural texture Bring a surprise to the city we live in ~ What is a perforated plate Perforated plate As the name suggests it is a perforated metal plate bespoken tape measure Expand the full text Also known as perforated plate perforated metal perforated screen Most of them are metal plates such as aluminum alloy Processed by stamping machine or milling machine Has the characteristics of long service life no deformation and the like Perforated sheet metal has been available for nearly 150 years Originally developed as a filter and sorter Mainly used in the mining industry It turns out With the development of science and technology Its use soon expanded beyond its original function It has developed so far It has been widely used in architecture landscape and interior design As a metal building material Perforated plates are born with an avant-garde temperament It is widely used in architecture landscape indoor and outdoor decoration Used to create a stylish and modern aesthetic Hole size of perforated plate The patterns can be carefully processed and designed according to the needs Holes of different sizes densities and shapes Form different translucent line of sight effect Different pass types of perforated plate The hole types of the punching plate include rectangular hole square hole rhombic hole round hole oblong hole hexagonal hole cross hole triangular hole long waist hole quincunx hole fish scale hole pattern hole splayed net herringbone hole pentagonal star hole irregular hole bulging hole special-shaped hole and louver hole

There are many materials for perforated plates Materials are mostly stainless steel plate aluminum plate iron plate copper plate and so on At present most of the products on the market are perforated aluminum plates Perforated aluminum plate with light material and good chemical stability Beautiful appearance elegant color and strong three-dimensional effect Ood decorative effect and simple and convenient assembly The advantages of perforated plates are as follow "Porosity" The most immediate visual characteristic of perforated sheet metal is porosity Porosity means The two spaces separated by the epidermis are permeable to each other Break down the inherent boundaries between inside and outside Create a more open public space in form It can provide the city and users with the intuitive feeling they need It really achieves the mutual penetration of internal space and external space The porosity of the perforated plate allows the interior and exterior to penetrate each other "Mottled Light and Shadow Effects" Perforated plate under sunlight or light It will produce rich light and shadow changes This effect will give the building a unique and vivid visual effect This light and shadow effect Make the relationship between the main body of the building and the outer skin more hazy It has a sense of integrity and hierarchy bespoken tape measure The change of hole size hole diameter and perforation rate It will also produce different effects of light and shadow changes Different light and shadow effects produced by different hole types "Different combinations of panels" Perforated metal sheets can be made according to the architect's needs Make different shapes and sizes Make different combinations of connections Combination mode is rich and changeable Different board surface combination form "Reduce sound level" In the field of acoustics Sound absorption is one of the important measures to control noise and improve indoor sound quality Perforation plates have exactly this advantage Studies have shown that perforated metal can help reduce sound levels Its acoustic properties help personnel reduce the health effects of noise Buildings use perforated metal panels in front of their stands Could result in 29% energy savings Perforated panel sound absorption structure A sound absorption structure in which an air layer or porous material is placed behind a perforated thin plate and fixed on a rigid wall can be regarded as a resonant system composed of a mass and a spring When the frequency of the incident sound wave is consistent with the resonant frequency of the system the air in the perforated plate vibrates and rubs violently which strengthens the absorption effect and forms an absorption peak so that the sound energy is significantly attenuated Away from the resonant frequency the absorption is small If a porous material is placed behind the perforated plate to increase the acoustic resistance the absorption band of the structure will be widened

In the design process of concert hall cinema multi-function hall etc Sound Absorption Structure as Acoustical Design And the main technical means of noise control It has been widely used For example Wuxi Grand Theater The surface of the fin is a hyperboloid perforated aluminum plate Design PES-Architects How does the perforation plate work Two perforation methods are commonly used in modern times "CNC Punch Piercing" Numerical control punch is a common way of piercing Punch the metal surface by means of machine tool stamping The stamping process can be performed on a metal screen And quick perforations on a large surface area of the panel "Laser perforation" Laser perforation is the latest development of perforation technology It is also a relatively expensive and complex technology Higher accuracy and randomness Nowadays Perforated metal sheets have been used by designers in a variety of applications From industrial filters and acoustic panels Then to architectural interior decoration and landscape wall sketches You can see its figure Application of perforated plate "Construction Field" Perforated plate It can unify the building facade and separate the space While achieving a semi-private effect and security The space remains comfortably breathable And form a wonderful light and shadow effect Combined with metal wood and other materials Different textures and textures can be formed So that the building facade can get rich artistic changes "Xing · She" designed by Daxing Beijing and Cawston Canada Lolly-Laputan Children's Restaurant Dalian Wutopia Lab Beijing Jingkai Zhihui Park New Media Exhibition Center hyperSity Architectural Design Firm Malm? Art Museum Tham & Videg Videg?rd Arkitekter Sweden Stanley Saitowitz Tampa Museum of Art Florida | Natoma Architect "Landscape Domain" Chinese classical gardens are exquisite "Wherever there is a place to look out it seems to be the meaning of avoiding the outside and hiding the inside" There is reality in the void hidden but not leaking The perforated plate can perfectly meet the needs of this courtyard landscape Hermes Art Center Beijing Architecture Design Studio Hong Kong Landmark Yijiang County Landscape SWA Group Weitu Design Agency Architecture Shanghai Botao Shenyang Vanke Feicui Riverside Landscape Bede Sunan Vanke 138 Degrees Park Avenue D + H Landscape Design & Wuwei Design Shenyang Yuexiu Xinghui Brocade Landscape Bede "Indoor Domain" Perforated plates can be used as partitions or decorations in the interior Create a low-key and simple fashion style The light passes through different hole patterns With the change of light and shadow Create an extraordinary artistic effect Perforated plate Be able to make architectural and landscape materials And take on the role of interior decoration Appearance and strength coexist Such a perforated plate Isn't he handsome References On the Design and Application of Perforated Plates in Architectural Exterior Skin by Chen Yao Research on Applicability Design of Perforated Metal Skin in Sports Architecture by Ji Weidong and Ge Wei Sound Absorption Performance and Application of Perforated Panel Sound Absorption Structure by Zuo Yanyan Zhou Jinhua Liu Haibo Hong Jianhai The case part comes from goood design website Thanks to the above original author! Warm Reminder The time of this inspection activity is March 13 and March 14 The number of places is limited Interested friends please contact Mr Chu to register in time G H D A Global Habitat Design Awards Return to Sohu to see more Responsible Editor tape-measure.com
Yucheng, Henan: Why can a Small Steel Tape Measure Measure the World? _ China Jobs - Employee 2022-08-15
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Yucheng, Henan: Why can a Small Steel Tape Measure Measure the World? _ China

Original Title Yucheng Henan Why can a keychain tape measure Small Steel Tape Measure Measure the World China Steel Tape City — — Yucheng County Committee Publicity Department of Yucheng County Henan Province Labeling packing and sealing Song Dongmei a 57-year-old employee of Shangqiu Keming Measuring Tools Co Ltd is skillfully assembling steel tapes "More than 85% of the steel tapes in the country are produced in Yucheng!" Every morning the steel tape assembled by Song Dongmei will be transported to the port in the afternoon and sent to all parts of the world This state-level poverty-stricken county on the old course of the Yellow River has now developed into a "China Steel Tape City" creating a legend of "World Hardware City" Yucheng Steel Tape Characteristic Industrial Base originated from six farmers in Nanzhuang Village Shaogang Town In the 1980s

Shaogang Town was a famous poverty-stricken town famous for "eating pickles rather than marrying Shaogang people" Unwilling to be poor six farmers in the village cut up and reassembled the scrap ruler strips purchased from the state-owned tape factory and sold them to the surrounding farmers and construction workers From then on they started their business A stone stirred up a thousand waves and villagers nearby followed suit setting off a wave of assembly of steel tape All of a sudden steel tape workshops blossomed all over the county and the steel tape industry began to emerge The employee is assembling the steel tape Expand the full text In 1992 Yang Jianbo founded the first steel tape factory in Yucheng County Zhongzhou Tape Factory and a group of rural talents such as Xu Xiuzhang and Wu Haiyun also set up factories one after another and small family workshops began to transform to mechanized manufacturing The rudiment of "Steel Tape Kingdom" is beginning to show The following year some factories began to introduce production equipment and carry out semi-mechanized production Soon through self-development and introduction of a complete set of equipment some factories almost fully automated production technical facilities reached the international advanced level of the same industry With the gradual expansion of pure manual to mechanization and scale Yucheng steel tape industry has also encountered the practical problems of high cost low quality and narrow market With the improvement of consumers'quality requirements and brand awareness by the end of the 1990s the original best-selling products had become unsalable products and the steel tape industry in Yucheng was struggling In order to break the limitations of the development of steel tape industry in Yucheng a steel tape association was established in Yucheng County in 1998 With the help and guidance of the county Party committee and the county government on the one hand mini tape measure 29 registered trademarks of steel tapes have been registered and a number of well-known brands such as "Jianghua" "Hongye" and "Wanshanhong" have been established; on the other hand large and small enterprises have done their best to strengthen regional brands and export together

The "Kingdom of Steel Tape Measures" began to transform and transform breaking cocoons into butterflies After years of efforts steel tape has not only become a pillar industry in Yucheng County but also developed into the largest production and marketing base of steel tape in China On July 11 2006 Wang Qinping President of China Metrology Association officially issued the plaque of "China (Yucheng) Steel Tape City" to Yucheng County in Shangqiu City The employees are working hard At present there are nearly 2000 steel tape enterprises in Yucheng with an annual output of 15 billion If each tape is connected by 5 meters the total length can circle the earth 190 times; the production and sales volume also accounts for more than 85% of the country and there are more than 100 direct sales points in

China It has become the first county of steel tape manufacturing in China Yucheng people are not satisfied with the honorary title of "China Steel Tape City" and are determined to go to the world and become "World Hardware City" When they investigated the international market they found that there was a personalized tape measure demand gap for screwdrivers and began to invest in related industries Many enterprises realized the butterfly change from measuring tools to measuring tools production Yucheng has expanded from a single measuring tool production to a comprehensive hardware measuring tool industry cluster with paint plastics moulds hardware and other steel tape formats as the core and has stepped into the forefront of the national measuring tool industry Promote the employment of the masses at home Since 2010 Yucheng people have opened measuring tool stores in various places with an annual growth rate of 20% firmly occupying the market in developed areas of Europe and the United States and regularly providing information collection data for the Ministry of Commerce of measuring tool commodity countries which has been leading the production and circulation of measuring tools in the world and is regarded as the "barometer" of the world steel tape market by the industry

On December 19 2013 China Yucheng International Hardware Trade City with an area of 800 mu and an investment of 105 billion yuan was officially launched as an "aircraft carrier" with the status of global hardware and measuring tools exhibition and trade headquarters forming a tripartite pattern of three major hardware and measuring tools professional wholesale markets with Yiwu in Zhejiang Province in the south Linyi in Shandong Province in the north and Shaogang in Yucheng With the successful operation of China Yucheng Electroplating Industrial Park Henan Shangqiu Bonded Logistics Center and E-commerce Industrial Park in Yucheng County many brand merchants and investors have flocked in Today Yucheng's annual export earnings amount to more than 40 million US dollars accounting for half of the country's export scale and its products are sold all over the world to more than 110 countries such as the United States and Canada A neatly arranged steel tape From the sole efforts of individual households to the establishment of industrial bases under the guidance of the government; from low-end products with pure handwork to high-end new products with chip voice systems; from OEM to independent brands; from single physical stores to multi-form multi-channel and all-round marketing of physical and e-commerce; from extensive development to intelligent and intensive development; from domestic sales to export sales The progressive Yucheng people are creating one miracle after another The rising Yucheng is holding high the banner of "China Steel Tape City" and striding towards "World Hardware City" telling the world a new story of Made in China Source People's Daily Return to Sohu to see more Responsible Editor tape-measure.com
Song Feng Jobs - Employee 2022-08-15
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Song Feng

"Your Highness the king of Wei this time I am very sincere and your Highness to talk about something do a few business threatening your Highness is not what I can do!"! Although I know a few fists and feet but I am also quite self-aware I am far away from the level of guards in Wang Yefu that is a few people outside the house rushed in to chop me into meat sauce is also very easy But unfortunately I will never be the only one in the Song Dynasty Intelligence Bureau My master hopes that I can convey a message to your Highness I am not the only one! Yuyue did not care at all about Yelv Yixin's livid face but said with a smile After hearing this Yelv Yixin knew that the mess was too big Obviously the other party was not the only one As long as he killed his opponent the accomplice of the young man of Yuyue would make all kinds of crimes and evidence of his fornication with the Song Dynasty known all over the city tomorrow I'm afraid it would be his doomsday! Slowly putting down the teacup Yelv Yixin turned around and sat down on the chair in the study and said "How could you have such an idea sir" Could it be that the king is not attentive to guests! Yuyue also sat opposite Yelv Yixin and said "Your Highness the King of Wei is more open-minded than ordinary people Your Highness can tolerate people like Yelv Changge You can see your Highness's generosity!"

Yelv Yixin's face was also red after hearing this Yelv Walking tape measure Changge in Yuyue's mouth was the younger sister of Yelv Shilu at the beginning of Yelv Hongji's succession to the throne Although she was a woman she was very knowledgeable and talented Her character was pure and she vowed never to marry At that time when Yelv Yixin was still a privy envoy he attached great importance to Yelv Changge's talent and repeatedly asked her for poems Yelv Changge gave him a palindrome poem that could be read back and forth Yelv Yixin knew that Chang Ge was satirizing him so he held a grudge in his heart However the assassination of the prince last year let Yelv Yixin finally seized the opportunity to frame the elder brother Chang sent to a distant place The feather month takes this matter to say that he is broad-minded this is completely in the irony although Yelv Yi Xin is angry in the heart but also has to swallow this tone Chapter 416 of the main text Yelv Yixin was very resentful but from this sentence he also confirmed Ma Renwang's evaluation of the Great Song Intelligence Bureau Although they were based in Kaifeng the capital of the Song Dynasty they knew everything about what had happened in Liao As the king of Wei they must have been given "special care" by the other party Otherwise they would not have been so clear about what had happened more than ten years ago The Great Song Intelligence Bureau is really an organization that makes Yelv Yixin afraid Fiberglass tape measure He has worked hard in the officialdom all his life From a hired sheep house to today's King of Wei Yelv Yixin has experienced many storms in Wheel tape measure his life But when he faces the Great Song Intelligence Bureau he is just a messenger boy and the feeling in his heart is just fear The other side knows too much about his affairs If the background of the other side is not the powerful organization of the Song Dynasty he will probably cut off the boy who is talking directly in front of him But after meeting Yelv Yixin alone Yuyue told him very bluntly that he was not alone! "I'm afraid if I kill him the big Song Intelligence Bureau behind him will directly use the channel in Dadingfu to expose their own affairs" When the time comes you will really lose your reputation! Yelv Yixin thought secretly in his heart The charm of power is infinite Yelv Yixin was born in a humble position today and the word "hardship" is not enough to describe the hardship in his struggle Although the organizational structure of Liao is imitated from the Song Dynasty but unlike the Song Dynasty there can be many examples like Fan Zhongyan from a poor student to a pillar of the country but Liao's origin like him is rare With the passage of time some privileged classes such as Khitan nobles still existed tenaciously in the organizational structure of Liao Without a deep background and an excellent opportunity it is difficult to get ahead not to mention that now the identity of Yelv Yixin the king of Wei is already below one person and above tens of millions of people

"Yelv Yixin will not give up the power in his hands as long as we do not offer too much no matter how high the price he will be willing to exchange with us" This is what Nie Xin said before Yu Yuelin set out However for Nie Xin who was a counsellor himself this was just the first time that he had made a face-to-face deal with Yelv Yixin After Yelv Yixin took this step the Song Intelligence Bureau could openly cooperate with Yelu Yixin's party In this way the benefits for the Song Intelligence Bureau were incalculable Of course for the Song Dynasty it is a trump card that can decide the victory or defeat of the two countries Through this trump card the Song Dynasty could directly influence the top level of Liao's ruling peep at each other's cards and become the invincible banker on the gambling table It can be predicted that as long as Yelv Yixin exists in the political arena of Liao for one day Liao for the Song Dynasty wants to make the other side round or flat but all in their own hands! "This is a circular trap take this step Yelv Yi Xin will no longer have the way back his prime minister Zhang Xiaojie and others are our men the Song Intelligence Bureau to obtain the precious degree of intelligence will be incalculable!" Yuyue still clearly remembers the fanatical expression of his brother Nie Xin when he planned the face-to-face deal with Yelv Yixin Yes as an intelligence officer it is a rare opportunity to come to this point and hold the most important official of the enemy to blackmail the other side It's like giving Yelv Yixin and Zhang Xiaojie a slow poison As long as they drink it for the first time they will have to drink it again The poison they drink will become our trump card to coerce them and it's also our best amulet in Dading Mansion! That's how Nie Xin emphasized the importance of this meeting to Yu Yue tapemeasure.net
How to add an online custom map in Ovi _ webst Education 2022-08-15
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How to add an online custom map in Ovi _ webst Original title How to add online custom bra tape measure maps in Ovi In Ovi Interactive Map Browser you can not only browse the built-in Sky Map Sky Map Image and Baidu Map but also add custom maps such as online Internet maps and aerial maps Description Preconditions for normal addition of online Internet maps (1) The map to be added adopts Mercator projection such as Amap and Tencent Map or adopts longitude and latitude projection such as China Geological Map (2) The URL link of the picture must contain the coordinate value XY of the map picture and the zoom level value Z of the map (3) The added map is displayed as a picture in JPG or PNG format and the size of each tile is 256256 or 512512 pixels 1 Get an online map URL Enter the official website of the map you need to add and use the browser to view and parse the host name host number URL size and format of the map as shown below In this paper printed tape measure Amap and road network are taken as examples (1) Use the browser to open Amap (https//dituamapcom) switch to the satellite map press the F12 function key and the developer tool will pop up (2) Click [Network] on the top of the developer tool to switch to the network interface move and zoom the map and the detailed information of the network request will be added to the list as shown below The following figure shows the request information of the satellite map Expand the full text Double-click any entry to copy the URL (https//webst04isautonavicom/appmaptilestyle=6&x=26969&y=12397&z=15) into the TXT text You can also see the title of the page "app map tile (256256)" and the "256256" is the dimensions of the tile Edit the URL in TXT text as follows (1) Change "X = 26969 & y = 12397 & Z = 15" to "X = { $X } & y = { $y } & Z = { $Z }" that is replace the fixed X y and Z coordinate values with variables Original URL https//webst04isautonavicom/appmaptilestyle=6&x=26969&y=12397&z=15 edited URL https//webst04isautonavicom/appm aptilestyle=6&x={$x}&y={$y}&z={$z} (2) Use the webst04 Is Autonavi Com "as the host name For some online maps the data may be distributed and stored on multiple servers You can place your mouse over the request information and watch the host name change in the URL bra tape measure For example for Amap the host number will change from "webst01 to webst04" Replace the changed part with the variable "{ $serverpart }" for example "4" is replaced by "{ $serverpart }" and the final hostname is "webst0 { $serverparts } Is Autonavi Com" Original URL https//webst04isautonavicom/appmaptilestyle=6&x=26969&y=12397&z=15 edited URL https//webst0 { $serverpart } Is Auton avicom/appmaptilestyle=6&x={$x}&y={$y}&z={$z} The URL format for some maps may be "https//atileopenstreetmaporg/6/50/22png" Where the a Tile Openstree tmap Org is the host name and the prefix a is the host number which varies from a to C and is replaced by "{ $serverpart } Tile Openstree tmap Org" "; /6/50/22png is the URL replaced by the variable "/{ $Z }/{ $X }/{ $y }png" Note If your graph is 512512 pixels that is X and y are divided by 2 and Z is subtracted by 1 2 Add a custom map On Ovi PC click [Custom Map]-> [Custom Map Management]-> [Add] Enter the [Custom Map [Add]] dialog box and set the parameters selected in the box in the following figure Explain (1) Map ID between 200-1000 the system will assign an ID number to each custom map without modification (2) Map name refers to the layer name which will be displayed under the [Custom Map] menu after setting such as "Amap Satellite Map" (3) Maximum level The highest level of the map For example the highest level of the Amap satellite map is 18 You can set it to 18 or above (4) Projection type You can choose according to the actual situation of the map generally [Mercator China] or [Mercator Global] The Amap uses Mercator China so this article chooses Mercator China (5) Picture type you can select according to the actual situation of the map For topographic map satellite map (or image map) select [Image Map]; for other maps select [Normal Map] (6) Picture format you can choose according to the actual situation of the map The Amap is JPEG so select [JPG]; the Open Stree tMap is "PNG" custom tape measure You can see it in the page map request information (7) Image size You can select according to the actual situation The size of a tile in the Amap satellite image is "256256" so select [256 pixels] Some maps may be "512512" You can view the tile size by clicking on a tile in the page map request information and switching to [Preview (header)] (8) Host name Please fill in according to the actual situation According to 1 Get an online map For the analysis in URL the is Autonavi Com "" webst0 { $serverpart } "Should be filled in the Amap (9) Port number online Internet map which is usually kept as default If the network port number is set for your map server it needs to be filled in (10) Host number you fill in according to the actual situation of the map The Amap is "1 to 4" and the OpenStree tMap is "a to C" (11) URL you fill in according to the actual situation of the map The Amap is "/appmaptile Style = 6 & X = { $X } & y = { $y } & Z = { $Z }" and the OpenStree tMap is "/{ $Z }/{ $X }/{ $y }png" Note If your graph is 512512 pixels that is X and y are divided by 2 and Z is subtracted by 1 After setting click [OK] You can browse the map by clicking [Customize Map] and selecting the layer to be added Special instructions Some maps require a token or secret key to access such as Sichuan Sky Map Sichuan map token generation link http//wwwscgisnetcn/imap/iMapServer/Token/defaultaspx The layer configuration information of Gaode Road Network is as follows Image type Normal map Image format PNG Image size 256 pixels Host name wprd0 { $serverpart } Is Autonavi Com Port number Default host number 1 to 4 URL/appmaptile x={$x}&y={$y}&z={$z}&&lang=zh_cn&size=1&scl=1&style=8 [OK] Under the [Custom Map] menu select [Amap Satellite Map] to view the road network and satellite map 4 Commonly used maps URL (1) Amap (small font) Projection Type Mercator China Image Type Normal Map Image Format PNG Image Size 256 pixels Host Name webrd0 { $serverpart } Is Autonavi Com Port Number Default Host Number 1 to 3 URL/appmaptile lang=zh_cn&size=1&scale=1&style=7&x={$x}&y={$y}&z={$z} (2) Amap (large font) Projection Type Mercator China Image Type Normal Map Image Format PNG Image Size 256 pixels Host Name wprd0 { $serverpart } Is Autonavi Com Port Number Default Host Number 1 to 4 URL/appmaptile lang=zh_cn&size=1&style=7&x={$x}&y={$y}&z={$z}&scl=1 We respect the author's achievements if suspected of infringement please contact us to delete in time Return to Sohu to see more Responsible Editor tape-measure.com
How to add an online custom map in Ovi _ webst Education 2022-08-15
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How to add an online custom map in Ovi _ webst Original title How to add online custom bra tape measure maps in Ovi In Ovi Interactive Map Browser you can not only browse the built-in Sky Map Sky Map Image and Baidu Map but also add custom maps such as online Internet maps and aerial maps Description Preconditions for normal addition of online Internet maps (1) The map to be added adopts Mercator projection such as Amap and Tencent Map or adopts longitude and latitude projection such as China Geological Map (2) The URL link of the picture must contain the coordinate value XY of the map picture and the zoom level value Z of the map (3) The added map is displayed as a picture in JPG or PNG format and the size of each tile is 256256 or 512512 pixels 1 Get an online map URL Enter the official website of the map you need to add and use the browser to view and parse the host name host number URL size and format of the map as shown below In this paper printed tape measure Amap and road network are taken as examples (1) Use the browser to open Amap (https//dituamapcom) switch to the satellite map press the F12 function key and the developer tool will pop up (2) Click [Network] on the top of the developer tool to switch to the network interface move and zoom the map and the detailed information of the network request will be added to the list as shown below The following figure shows the request information of the satellite map Expand the full text Double-click any entry to copy the URL (https//webst04isautonavicom/appmaptilestyle=6&x=26969&y=12397&z=15) into the TXT text You can also see the title of the page "app map tile (256256)" and the "256256" is the dimensions of the tile Edit the URL in TXT text as follows (1) Change "X = 26969 & y = 12397 & Z = 15" to "X = { $X } & y = { $y } & Z = { $Z }" that is replace the fixed X y and Z coordinate values with variables Original URL https//webst04isautonavicom/appmaptilestyle=6&x=26969&y=12397&z=15 edited URL https//webst04isautonavicom/appm aptilestyle=6&x={$x}&y={$y}&z={$z} (2) Use the webst04 Is Autonavi Com "as the host name For some online maps the data may be distributed and stored on multiple servers You can place your mouse over the request information and watch the host name change in the URL bra tape measure For example for Amap the host number will change from "webst01 to webst04" Replace the changed part with the variable "{ $serverpart }" for example "4" is replaced by "{ $serverpart }" and the final hostname is "webst0 { $serverparts } Is Autonavi Com" Original URL https//webst04isautonavicom/appmaptilestyle=6&x=26969&y=12397&z=15 edited URL https//webst0 { $serverpart } Is Auton avicom/appmaptilestyle=6&x={$x}&y={$y}&z={$z} The URL format for some maps may be "https//atileopenstreetmaporg/6/50/22png" Where the a Tile Openstree tmap Org is the host name and the prefix a is the host number which varies from a to C and is replaced by "{ $serverpart } Tile Openstree tmap Org" "; /6/50/22png is the URL replaced by the variable "/{ $Z }/{ $X }/{ $y }png" Note If your graph is 512512 pixels that is X and y are divided by 2 and Z is subtracted by 1 2 Add a custom map On Ovi PC click [Custom Map]-> [Custom Map Management]-> [Add] Enter the [Custom Map [Add]] dialog box and set the parameters selected in the box in the following figure Explain (1) Map ID between 200-1000 the system will assign an ID number to each custom map without modification (2) Map name refers to the layer name which will be displayed under the [Custom Map] menu after setting such as "Amap Satellite Map" (3) Maximum level The highest level of the map For example the highest level of the Amap satellite map is 18 You can set it to 18 or above (4) Projection type You can choose according to the actual situation of the map generally [Mercator China] or [Mercator Global] The Amap uses Mercator China so this article chooses Mercator China (5) Picture type you can select according to the actual situation of the map For topographic map satellite map (or image map) select [Image Map]; for other maps select [Normal Map] (6) Picture format you can choose according to the actual situation of the map The Amap is JPEG so select [JPG]; the Open Stree tMap is "PNG" custom tape measure You can see it in the page map request information (7) Image size You can select according to the actual situation The size of a tile in the Amap satellite image is "256256" so select [256 pixels] Some maps may be "512512" You can view the tile size by clicking on a tile in the page map request information and switching to [Preview (header)] (8) Host name Please fill in according to the actual situation According to 1 Get an online map For the analysis in URL the is Autonavi Com "" webst0 { $serverpart } "Should be filled in the Amap (9) Port number online Internet map which is usually kept as default If the network port number is set for your map server it needs to be filled in (10) Host number you fill in according to the actual situation of the map The Amap is "1 to 4" and the OpenStree tMap is "a to C" (11) URL you fill in according to the actual situation of the map The Amap is "/appmaptile Style = 6 & X = { $X } & y = { $y } & Z = { $Z }" and the OpenStree tMap is "/{ $Z }/{ $X }/{ $y }png" Note If your graph is 512512 pixels that is X and y are divided by 2 and Z is subtracted by 1 After setting click [OK] You can browse the map by clicking [Customize Map] and selecting the layer to be added Special instructions Some maps require a token or secret key to access such as Sichuan Sky Map Sichuan map token generation link http//wwwscgisnetcn/imap/iMapServer/Token/defaultaspx The layer configuration information of Gaode Road Network is as follows Image type Normal map Image format PNG Image size 256 pixels Host name wprd0 { $serverpart } Is Autonavi Com Port number Default host number 1 to 4 URL/appmaptile x={$x}&y={$y}&z={$z}&&lang=zh_cn&size=1&scl=1&style=8 [OK] Under the [Custom Map] menu select [Amap Satellite Map] to view the road network and satellite map 4 Commonly used maps URL (1) Amap (small font) Projection Type Mercator China Image Type Normal Map Image Format PNG Image Size 256 pixels Host Name webrd0 { $serverpart } Is Autonavi Com Port Number Default Host Number 1 to 3 URL/appmaptile lang=zh_cn&size=1&scale=1&style=7&x={$x}&y={$y}&z={$z} (2) Amap (large font) Projection Type Mercator China Image Type Normal Map Image Format PNG Image Size 256 pixels Host Name wprd0 { $serverpart } Is Autonavi Com Port Number Default Host Number 1 to 4 URL/appmaptile lang=zh_cn&size=1&style=7&x={$x}&y={$y}&z={$z}&scl=1 We respect the author's achievements if suspected of infringement please contact us to delete in time Return to Sohu to see more Responsible Editor tape-measure.com
How to add an online custom map in Ovi _ webst Education 2022-08-15
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How to add an online custom map in Ovi _ webst Original title How to add online custom bra tape measure maps in Ovi In Ovi Interactive Map Browser you can not only browse the built-in Sky Map Sky Map Image and Baidu Map but also add custom maps such as online Internet maps and aerial maps Description Preconditions for normal addition of online Internet maps (1) The map to be added adopts Mercator projection such as Amap and Tencent Map or adopts longitude and latitude projection such as China Geological Map (2) The URL link of the picture must contain the coordinate value XY of the map picture and the zoom level value Z of the map (3) The added map is displayed as a picture in JPG or PNG format and the size of each tile is 256256 or 512512 pixels 1 Get an online map URL Enter the official website of the map you need to add and use the browser to view and parse the host name host number URL size and format of the map as shown below In this paper printed tape measure Amap and road network are taken as examples (1) Use the browser to open Amap (https//dituamapcom) switch to the satellite map press the F12 function key and the developer tool will pop up (2) Click [Network] on the top of the developer tool to switch to the network interface move and zoom the map and the detailed information of the network request will be added to the list as shown below The following figure shows the request information of the satellite map Expand the full text Double-click any entry to copy the URL (https//webst04isautonavicom/appmaptilestyle=6&x=26969&y=12397&z=15) into the TXT text You can also see the title of the page "app map tile (256256)" and the "256256" is the dimensions of the tile Edit the URL in TXT text as follows (1) Change "X = 26969 & y = 12397 & Z = 15" to "X = { $X } & y = { $y } & Z = { $Z }" that is replace the fixed X y and Z coordinate values with variables Original URL https//webst04isautonavicom/appmaptilestyle=6&x=26969&y=12397&z=15 edited URL https//webst04isautonavicom/appm aptilestyle=6&x={$x}&y={$y}&z={$z} (2) Use the webst04 Is Autonavi Com "as the host name For some online maps the data may be distributed and stored on multiple servers You can place your mouse over the request information and watch the host name change in the URL bra tape measure For example for Amap the host number will change from "webst01 to webst04" Replace the changed part with the variable "{ $serverpart }" for example "4" is replaced by "{ $serverpart }" and the final hostname is "webst0 { $serverparts } Is Autonavi Com" Original URL https//webst04isautonavicom/appmaptilestyle=6&x=26969&y=12397&z=15 edited URL https//webst0 { $serverpart } Is Auton avicom/appmaptilestyle=6&x={$x}&y={$y}&z={$z} The URL format for some maps may be "https//atileopenstreetmaporg/6/50/22png" Where the a Tile Openstree tmap Org is the host name and the prefix a is the host number which varies from a to C and is replaced by "{ $serverpart } Tile Openstree tmap Org" "; /6/50/22png is the URL replaced by the variable "/{ $Z }/{ $X }/{ $y }png" Note If your graph is 512512 pixels that is X and y are divided by 2 and Z is subtracted by 1 2 Add a custom map On Ovi PC click [Custom Map]-> [Custom Map Management]-> [Add] Enter the [Custom Map [Add]] dialog box and set the parameters selected in the box in the following figure Explain (1) Map ID between 200-1000 the system will assign an ID number to each custom map without modification (2) Map name refers to the layer name which will be displayed under the [Custom Map] menu after setting such as "Amap Satellite Map" (3) Maximum level The highest level of the map For example the highest level of the Amap satellite map is 18 You can set it to 18 or above (4) Projection type You can choose according to the actual situation of the map generally [Mercator China] or [Mercator Global] The Amap uses Mercator China so this article chooses Mercator China (5) Picture type you can select according to the actual situation of the map For topographic map satellite map (or image map) select [Image Map]; for other maps select [Normal Map] (6) Picture format you can choose according to the actual situation of the map The Amap is JPEG so select [JPG]; the Open Stree tMap is "PNG" custom tape measure You can see it in the page map request information (7) Image size You can select according to the actual situation The size of a tile in the Amap satellite image is "256256" so select [256 pixels] Some maps may be "512512" You can view the tile size by clicking on a tile in the page map request information and switching to [Preview (header)] (8) Host name Please fill in according to the actual situation According to 1 Get an online map For the analysis in URL the is Autonavi Com "" webst0 { $serverpart } "Should be filled in the Amap (9) Port number online Internet map which is usually kept as default If the network port number is set for your map server it needs to be filled in (10) Host number you fill in according to the actual situation of the map The Amap is "1 to 4" and the OpenStree tMap is "a to C" (11) URL you fill in according to the actual situation of the map The Amap is "/appmaptile Style = 6 & X = { $X } & y = { $y } & Z = { $Z }" and the OpenStree tMap is "/{ $Z }/{ $X }/{ $y }png" Note If your graph is 512512 pixels that is X and y are divided by 2 and Z is subtracted by 1 After setting click [OK] You can browse the map by clicking [Customize Map] and selecting the layer to be added Special instructions Some maps require a token or secret key to access such as Sichuan Sky Map Sichuan map token generation link http//wwwscgisnetcn/imap/iMapServer/Token/defaultaspx The layer configuration information of Gaode Road Network is as follows Image type Normal map Image format PNG Image size 256 pixels Host name wprd0 { $serverpart } Is Autonavi Com Port number Default host number 1 to 4 URL/appmaptile x={$x}&y={$y}&z={$z}&&lang=zh_cn&size=1&scl=1&style=8 [OK] Under the [Custom Map] menu select [Amap Satellite Map] to view the road network and satellite map 4 Commonly used maps URL (1) Amap (small font) Projection Type Mercator China Image Type Normal Map Image Format PNG Image Size 256 pixels Host Name webrd0 { $serverpart } Is Autonavi Com Port Number Default Host Number 1 to 3 URL/appmaptile lang=zh_cn&size=1&scale=1&style=7&x={$x}&y={$y}&z={$z} (2) Amap (large font) Projection Type Mercator China Image Type Normal Map Image Format PNG Image Size 256 pixels Host Name wprd0 { $serverpart } Is Autonavi Com Port Number Default Host Number 1 to 4 URL/appmaptile lang=zh_cn&size=1&style=7&x={$x}&y={$y}&z={$z}&scl=1 We respect the author's achievements if suspected of infringement please contact us to delete in time Return to Sohu to see more Responsible Editor tape-measure.com
How to make bridge expansion joints Vehicles - Motor Bike 2022-08-15
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How to make bridge expansion joints? These on-site construction workers are already worried about losing their hair! _ Deck Originally published as How to make bridge expansion personalised tailor tape joints These on-site construction workers are already worried about losing their hair! In order to meet the requirements of bridge deck deformation expansion joints are usually set between two beam ends between beam ends and abutments or at the hinge position of the bridge The expansion joint is required to be able to expand and contract freely firmly and reliably in two directions parallel and perpendicular to the axis of the bridge The vehicle shall run smoothly without sudden jump and noise It shall be able to prevent the infiltration and blockage of rainwater garbage and soil The installation inspection maintenance and elimination of dirt shall be simple and convenient At the place where the expansion joint is set the railing shall be disconnected from the deck pavement Overview of expansion joints Brief introduction of bridge expansion joints The function of bridge expansion joints is to accommodate the displacement and coupling between the superstructure caused by vehicle loads and bridge construction materials Once the expansion device of skew bridge is damaged it will seriously affect the speed comfort and safety of driving and even cause traffic accidents Expansion joint function Ensure free expansion and contraction of beam body Make the vehicle run smoothly Good water tightness and drainage large print tape measure Convenient for removing dirt in the groove The expansion and contraction of the bridge is exposed to the atmosphere for a long time and the use environment is relatively harsh which is the most vulnerable and difficult to repair part of the bridge structure The destruction of bridge expansion joints may cause great vehicle impact load and worsen the driving condition which will lead to vehicle jump noise water leakage affect the safety of driving and sharply reduce the service life of the bridge Hazards of loss of function or damage to expansion joints The expansion and contraction is blocked or the top of the pier and abutment is damaged or the internal force of the beam body is increased The vehicle jumps and runs unstably The impact increases causing damage to the bridge especially at the end Water seepage endangers durability Expansion joint model The bridge expansion joint models are GQF-C GQF-Z GQF-E Gqf-F and Gqf-MZL all of which are bridge expansion joint products designed with hot-rolled integrally formed special-shaped steel GQF-C GQF-Z GQF-L and GQF-F bridge expansion devices are suitable for bridges with expansion amount less than 80mm GQF-MZL bridge expansion joint device is a modular bridge expansion joint device composed of edge beam middle beam cross beam and linkage mechanism which is suitable for large and medium span bridges with expansion amount of 80mm-1200mm The code representation method is consistent with the standard representation method of the transportation industry of the People's Republic of China taking GQF-C60 GQF-F80 GQF-MZL480 gqf-c60 (NR) gqf-f80 (CR) as examples GQF is the code of expansion joint device specified in the traffic industry standard Type code -MZL means modular type straight beam connecting rod chain type (C Z F L) indicates the shape of the profiled bar The number indicates the displacement of the expansion device 0-1200mm NR and CR indicate the type of rubber NR indicates natural rubber and CR indicates chloroprene rubber Type of expansion joint Seamless type blind joint type (continuous bridge deck TST) Expand the full text Butt joint type caulking butt joint type embedded butt joint type (imitating Moeller type) Steel support type (comb plate) Combination type rubber plate type Modular formula Mauler formula Seamless The invention relates to a seamless expansion device which is characterized in that when a joint structure does not extend out of a bridge deck an expansion gap at the end part of a bridge is filled with an elastic material and paved with a waterproof material and then a viscoelastic composite material is paved on a bridge deck pavement layer so that the bridge deck pavement at the expansion joint and the road surface form a continuum and the expansion of a beam body is absorbed by the deformation of materials such as asphalt concrete elastic-plastic bodies and the like at the joint While providing support for the wheel The common forms are continuous bridge deck TST gravel elastic-plastic expansion joints and so on The main characteristics of this kind of expansion device are ① It can adapt to the expansion deformation and small amount of rotational deformation of the bridge superstructure; ② It makes the bridge deck pavement form a continuous body which does not produce impact and vibration during driving and has good driving comfort; ③ The expansion device itself forms a multiple waterproof structure which has good waterproofness; ④ In cold areas it is easy to remove snow mechanically and maintain without damaging the joints; (5) that construction is simple and easy and the maintenance and replacement are convenient This type of expansion device is generally a structure formed by cutting the pavement with a cutting machine after the construction of the pavement (bridge deck) is completed and injecting caulking material into the notch which is only suitable for parts with small expansion amount (generally < 40 mm) The service life of the seamless expansion joint adhesive installed in strict accordance with the process requirements is about twice that of the general modified asphalt pavement Continuous expansion joint of bridge deck TST macadam elastic-plastic expansion joint TST adhesive usually does not become brittle at minus 40 C and does not flow at high temperatures up to 80 C in summer It can be used normally throughout the country Because of the high temperature adhesion characteristics of TST it can be firmly bonded with the existing pavement during construction and it is not sticky at room temperature and it will not be taken away after cooling TST is a kind of special material with high viscoelasticity and plasticity which is in elastic-plastic state at normal temperature It can be poured into gravel after melting at high temperature After forming it is like asphalt concrete which can bear the load of vehicles and has elasticity It can replace the function of small expansion joints The construction is convenient and fast and the traffic can be opened after the pavement is cooled When the expansion joint needs to be replaced it can be constructed in half Do not interrupt traffic on busy road sections Construction technology of TST seamless expansion joint 1) Grooving set out and cut joints according to the notch width determined by the design requirements remove the cut pavement materials and clean the notch 2) Reinforcement planting drive an expansion bolt at an interval of 25 cm in the transverse direction at a distance of 5 cm from the edge of the notch to a height of 1/2 the depth of the notch and weld a 12 reinforcement along the seam on the nut inside the bolt And 3) fil that sponge body namely cleaning the notch by use high-pressure water and then baking and drying the surface of the notch by use flame Fill the gap between adjacent beam ends with sponge rubber strips as much as possible without leaving any gap 4) Apply the special adhesive for TST evenly on the exposed surface of the notch pour the melted TST after 15 minutes and apply it evenly on the bottom and side of the notch with a scraper with a thickness of 1 ~ 2 mnl The cross-seam steel plate is then placed to be fixed with a positioning nail and attention is paid to centering 5) From one end of the notch put in the large stones that have been fried (130 ~ 150 ℃) and the thickness is subject to the TST that can see the bottom layer The TST is then poured in to submerge the stones Lay layer by layer accordingly 7) Lay heated small stones which shall be 10 mm higher than the bridge deck vibrate them with a plate vibrator and then scrape them with a scraper Generally in order to prevent sinking it is 1 ~ 2 mm higher than the bridge deck At this time it can be trimmed arbitrarily and flattened with a shovel 8) Pour enough TST to submerge the stones in order to prevent TST from flowing to the bridge deck on both sides Both sides of the notch can be blocked with wooden boards to keep the edges neat 9) Trim the edge remove the baffles on both sides cool for 1 ~ 2h and open the traffic TST macadam elastic-plastic expansion joint Docking type The filling butt type expansion device is an expansion device which uses the elasticity of the expansion body to bear the wheel load The expansion body is made of sand gravel rubber products of various shapes foam plastic plates or synthetic resin materials The expansion body is always in a compressed state The common types are U-shaped zinc sheet type wood filling type asphalt filling type rectangular rubber strip type tubular rubber strip type and so on U type galvanized iron expansion joint is a kind of caulking butt joint expansion joint which was widely used in the 70's and 80's The main characteristics of this type of expansion device are ① low cost; ② easy processing of the required materials; ③ simple and easy construction; this type is generally applicable to the expansion amount of Bridges within 40mm are seldom used at present because of their poor durability and waterproofness and short service life The structural principle of the embedded butt type expansion device is that rubber products with different shapes are embedded and fixed by steel components with different shapes and then they are anchored with the beam body at the joint or the back wall of the abutment into a whole through an anchoring system The special-shaped steel provides support for the wheels and the deformation of the beam end is absorbed by the tension and compression of rubber strips and rubber belts The telescopic body can be in a compression state or a tension state This is a kind of expansion device which is widely used in the construction of highway bridges in China at present The common types are W SW M PG and so on This type of expansion device is suitable for bridge structures with expansion amount less than 80mm that is the joint width is 20mm-80mm The main characteristics of this kind of expansion device are ① simple structure clear stress and low cost; ② the main components of the expansion device are processed by the manufacturer and installed on the construction site and the connection with the beam end is generally welded by steel bars so the structure is reliable and the construction quality is easy to guarantee; ③ good durability; ④ good waterproof and drainage performance; ⑤ good driving comfort The two design principles of Mauler expansion joint are "rigid anchorage" and "sealing and waterproofing" 1) The anchorage of rigid anchorage expansion joint directly affects the service life of expansion joint The anchoring metal plate mainly plays the role of force transmission The fatigue tested anchoring device is directly welded on the edge beam At the same time the edge beams are rigidly connected to the bridge superstructure to ensure that the expansion joints carry the maximum traffic load Other methods of connecting expansion joints to the bridge superstructure with screws or bolts are not feasible under long-term dynamic traffic loads In this respect Maole expansion joint is designed to take the lead in separating the two functions of bearing and waterproofing which is more conducive to the strengthening and improvement of the two functions 2) Thoroughly waterproof One of the features of the Mauler expansion joint is that the neoprene sealing strip is effectively embedded in the groove of the edge beam which ensures complete waterproofing At the same time it can be replaced on the bridge deck or repaired by vulcanization with simple tools Under the protection of the edge beam the sealing strip is not directly rolled by the wheel and its V-shaped structure can play a role in removing sediment by itself The sealing strip can not only resist tension but also carry out lateral and vertical displacement In contrast the leakage of expansion joints will cause some damage to the bridge structure Steel bearing type The steel supported expansion joint is a structure assembled with steel which can directly bear the wheel load This kind of expansion device was used in steel bridges before but now it is also used in concrete bridges There are many kinds current situation and sizes of steel supporting expansion devices and the steel comb type is widely used The structure of the steel comb-type bridge expansion device is composed of a comb-type plate a connecting piece and an anchoring system Some steel comb-type bridge expansion devices are filled with synthetic rubber between the combs to play a waterproof role and some use special drainage grooves to solve the drainage problem Steel comb-type bridge expansion device is also a finger-shaped joint of steel plate which can be divided into supporting type and cantilever type according to the supporting condition of combs The main features of this type of expansion device are ① All components are processed and assembled by steel with high structural strength; (2) continuous support can be provided for the wheels and the driving comfort is good; ③ Embedded steel members shall be used for connection with the beam body and the connection shall be reliable; (4) strong impact and vibration resistance and good durability; ⑤ It can adapt to large horizontal displacement and can be used for large bridges This kind of expansion device is suitable for bridges with an expansion amount of more than 40 mm but its application range is not very wide due to its high cost Comb plate type expansion joint Rubber plate The rubber plate type expansion device makes full use of the characteristic of low shear modulus of the rubber material a bearing steel plate and an anchoring steel plate are arranged in the rubber body bolt holes are arranged and the rubber plate type expansion device is connected with the beam end into a whole through bolts This structure depends on the shear deformation of the rubber body between the upper and lower grooves to absorb the telescopic displacement of the beam and the steel plate is embedded in the rubber body to span the gap between the beam ends and bear the wheel load This kind of device was used earlier in China and there are many manufacturers in the country with different names mainly used in the 1980s and 1990s The rubber plate type expansion device has the advantages of simple structure convenient installation economy applicability and the like It is mainly suitable for highway bridges below Grade II with expansion amount of 30mm-60mm and is widely used in China This kind of expansion device has the following performance characteristics (1) it relies on the shear deformation of the rubber body between the upper and lower steel plates to meet the structural deformation requirements After the device is deformed there is a certain deformation energy in the rubber body which will have a certain constraint force on the structure; ② The load-bearing cross-seam steel plate is embedded in the rubber body Compared with the steel structure expansion device it has a certain buffer effect on the impact force of the wheel effectively protects the expansion device and the beam body and improves the driving conditions ③ The angle steel of the expansion device effectively strengthens the end strength of the beam body The horizontal deformation internal force of the expansion body of the rubber plate expansion device is relatively large generally about 30-35 Nk per linear meter The greater the deformation the greater the horizontal force and the greater the possibility of overall damage to the device Therefore when selecting the rubber plate type expansion device it is necessary to consider the factors such as installation error and temperature error and the selected deformation margin should not be less than 30 mm to ensure the normal use of such devices Rubber plate type expansion joint Modular expression Modulus type bridge expansion device is composed of longitudinal beam (special-shaped steel) cross beam displacement control box rubber sealing belt and other components Rubber sealing strip (belt) with V-shaped section or other section shapes is embedded in the special-shaped steel edge beam and center sill to form a telescopic sealing body The special-shaped steel directly bears the wheel load and transfers the load to the beam which then transfers the load to the beam body and the abutment When the telescopic device absorbs the deformation of the beam end the displacement control box Ensure that the gap between the special-shaped steel is kept uniform; the rubber sealing belt is used to prevent sundries from entering and is waterproof 。 The modular expansion device can increase the number of middle beam steel and sealing body according to the actual expansion amount and can form an expansion device with large displacement which is generally used for bridges with expansion amount greater than 80 mm From the single seam of 8 Omm to the multiple seam of 12 OOmm there are 15 grades The main characteristics of this type of expansion device are as follows ① The whole expansion device is composed of special-shaped steel longitudinal beam steel cross beam control transmission mechanism displacement box sealing rubber strip and other components and the structure is complex; ② The sealing performance is good and the waterproof and drainage performance is good; ③ It is suitable for bridges with large expansion requirements; ④ The overall rigidity of the structure is high and the durability is good; ⑤ The driving comfort is good However due to the complex structure of the expansion device the maintenance and replacement require a wide range of professional and technical personnel and the high cost it is generally only used for large bridges with higher grades Magba modulus type bridge expansion device Modulus type bridge expansion device Modulus type bridge expansion device is composed of longitudinal beam (special-shaped steel) cross beam displacement control box rubber sealing belt and other components Rubber sealing strip (belt) with V-shaped section or other section shapes is embedded in the special-shaped steel edge beam and center sill to form a telescopic sealing body The special-shaped steel directly bears the wheel load and transfers the load to the beam which then transfers the load to the beam body and the abutment When the telescopic device absorbs the deformation of the beam end the displacement control box Ensure that the gap between the special-shaped steel is kept uniform; the rubber sealing belt is used to prevent sundries from entering and is waterproof 。 The modular expansion device can increase the number of middle beam steel and sealing body according to the actual expansion amount and can form an expansion device with large displacement which is generally used for bridges with expansion amount greater than 80 mm The main characteristics of this type of expansion device are as follows ① The whole expansion device is composed of special-shaped steel longitudinal beam steel cross beam control transmission mechanism displacement box sealing rubber strip and other components and the structure is complex; ② The sealing performance is good and the waterproof and drainage performance is good; ③ It is suitable for bridges with large expansion requirements; ④ The overall rigidity of the structure is high and the durability is good; ⑤ The driving comfort is good However due to the complex structure of the expansion device the maintenance and replacement require a wide range of professional and technical personnel and the high cost it is generally only used for large bridges with higher grades Type comparison Basis for setting bridge expansion joint The amount of beam expansion is the most important basis for the selection of expansion joints Basic factors affecting the expansion amount of expansion device 1 Temperature change Temperature change is the main factor affecting the amount of bridge expansion which can be divided into linear temperature change and nonlinear temperature change and the linear temperature change is the dominant factor affecting the amount of bridge expansion When the bridge structure is in a specific temperature environment the temperature distribution inside the beam is not uniform and the end of the beam produces angular displacement under the change of material thermal properties For the bridge with small span (L ≤ 8m) the linear expansion coefficient is very small so it can be ignored; for the bridge with large span enough attention must be paid in the design For general design the linear expansion coefficient can be calculated according to the following table Temperature variation range and linear expansion coefficient 2 Shrinkage and creep of concrete Shrinkage and creep of concrete are the inherent properties of concrete components and also a random phenomenon Concrete's mix proportion water-cement ratio slump cement variety temperature relative humidity concrete's loading age load holding time and strength have great influence on concrete's shrinkage and creep retractable tape measure sewing Shrinkage and creep shall be considered for both reinforced and prestressed concrete bridges The creep volume is obtained by multiplying the elastic deformation of the beam under the action of prestress by the creep coefficient = 2; the shrinkage is converted by the temperature drop of 20 ℃ At the time of installation the shrinkage and creep have developed to a certain extent so the calculation should be based on the installation time and the shrinkage and creep of concrete should be reduced The reduction factor β can be selected by referring to the following table 3 Longitudinal gradient of bridge The movable bearing in longitudinal slope bridge is usually made horizontal When the bearing is displaced the expansion joint not only has horizontal displacement but also has vertical dislocation (Δd) which is equal to the horizontal displacement multiplied by the longitudinal slope tgθ 4 Displacement of skew bridge and curved bridge When deflection (ΔL) in the direction of bearing displacement occurs in skew and curved bridges deflection also occurs along the bridge end line and in the direction perpendicular to the bridge end line that is Δd = ΔL · SINα ΔS = ΔL · COSα where α is the inclination angle and ΔL is the expansion and contraction amount 5 Bridge deflection caused by various loads Under the action of live load and dead load angular displacement occurs at the end of the bridge which causes vertical horizontal and angular displacement of the expansion device If the beam body is relatively high vibration will also occur 6 Earthquake The influence of earthquake on the displacement of expansion device is complex and difficult to grasp at present so it is generally not considered in the design However if there is reliable data to calculate the subsidence rotation horizontal movement and inclination of bridge pier and abutment caused by earthquake it should be considered in the design Calculation of expansion and contraction of beam A prestressed concrete beam bridge with a beam length of 40 m and a temperature variation range of -4 C ~42。 C; linear expansion coefficient α = 10 × 10-6; shrinkage strain ε = 20 × 10-5; creep coefficient φ = 20; shrinkage and creep reduction coefficient β = 06; average axial stress of prestressed concrete σp = 80kg/cm2; elastic modulus of concrete Ec = 34 × 105kg/cm2; installation temperature 20C Defect and maintenance of expansion joint Failure form and cause analysis Under the condition of no overload the recommended fatigue life of the expansion joint is 10-15 years 1) For the filling butt type expansion device if the angle steel falls off the concrete on both sides is broken the concrete on the abutment side is completely broken the rubber belt is broken and the pit is very deep it can be judged that the service life is over 2) For the seamless expansion device if the jump is obvious the concrete parts on both sides are broken broken seriously and wrinkled its service life can be judged to be over 3) For the embedded butt-joint expansion device if the vehicle jumps obviously and the bridge deck pavement is seriously damaged its service life can be judged to be over 4) For the plate-type rubber expansion device if the anchor bolt falls off the rubber is aged and deformed and the concrete cracks its service life can be judged to be over Seamless The main damage forms of the seamless expansion joint are as follows obvious rutting and cracks appear on the surface of the elastic-plastic body the surface of the elastic-plastic body produces washboard or partial falling off the aggregate falls off partially or in large pieces or the bridge deck cracks and gradually breaks at the joint with the bridge deck pavement Or the bridge deck pavement within the range of the expansion device is damaged Cause analysis of damage the material performance of the elastoplastic filler itself such as the ability of the elastoplastic material to absorb the deformation of the beam end is insufficient the material strength is insufficient the quality of the binder can not meet the actual use requirements and the construction is not in accordance with the requirements of the manufacturer; the displacement and rotation of the bridge caused by external temperature load and other factors lead to cracking and damage of the elastomer; The structure of the expansion device itself such as the insufficient strength of the cross-joint plate Docking type The main damage forms are as follows rubber strip bulges in hot weather and falls off in winter local perforation and water leakage; concrete cracks and cracks in the anchorage area; bridge deck pavement is broken and falls off Cause analysis of damage it is difficult for the rubber strip to reach the ideal state during installation; the connection between the main anchoring parts and the embedded parts of the beam body is weak; in addition the paving concrete is thin the post-poured concrete surface is mostly lack of vibration and there are certain problems in density and strength resulting in easy damage to the concrete on both sides; The connection strength between the concrete in the anchorage zone and the bridge deck pavement is insufficient and it develops from tiny cracks to local fragmentation and falling off Steel bearing type The main damage forms of this type of expansion device are as follows open welding of welded junction due to process problems individual welds are not easy to weld firmly the whole steel plate falls off the anchor is weak resulting in loosening; fatigue fracture of individual steel toothed plate Cause analysis of damage this kind of expansion device is easy to deform during processing and use and it is difficult to ensure the fit between the toothed plate and the backing plate Once a gap is generated it is very unfavorable to the stress on the connection part causing noise and tripping In addition under the repeated load of day and night operation the toothed plate will cause premature fatigue loose fastening bolts and the comb ruler plate will be exposed Rubber plate The main damage forms of this type of expansion device are as follows the rubber plate is peeled off the embedded steel plate is exposed falls off and breaks the anchor bolt is sheared off and flies out of the hole the concrete on both sides is cracked and broken and potholes appear Damage cause analysis First of all it is the reason of the structure itself (design reason) The principle of this kind of expansion device is to use the rubber shear deformation between the upper and lower grooves to meet the expansion of the beam Steel plates are embedded in the telescopic body to bear the load across the gap of the beam end There are anchoring steel plates on both sides which are connected with the beam end through bolts and are installed in blocks per meter resulting in poor integrity Because the horizontal frictional resistance of this type of expansion device is very large the requirements for the anchoring system are extremely high Secondly the quality of products is not good for example the performance of rubber material the material and reasonable arrangement of stiffening steel plate the bonding strength between steel plate and rubber the control of temperature and humidity in production and so on are very strict a little quality problems often occur such as whole plate fracture degumming rubber layer wear steel plate exposure anchor bolts It is directly related to the mass transverse width and stiffness difference of the rubber expansion device itself Modular expression The main damage forms of this type of expansion device are as follows the main middle beam components are welded open shaking and noise occur; the expansion uniformity is poor; the sealing rubber belt is aging falling off or jumping out and serious water leakage occurs; the concrete on both sides of the device has cracks and pits the bridge deck pavement is partially broken and the anchorage system is not ideal resulting in local or overall damage Analysis of damage causes firstly most of the edge beams and center beams used for this kind of expansion device in China adopt the combined structure of steel plates or section steel welded into special-shaped parts and the welding quality is difficult to guarantee; In addition the method of tightly sealing the rubber belt with the pressing strip (or clip) and the screw buckle is adopted so that the fastener is easy to rust and break the structural integrity is poor the electric welding workload is large and the welding process is not up to standard so that the welding quality is difficult to guarantee and the welding is broken or the rubber belt falls off or even jumps out; Secondly in the reserved notch for installing this kind of expansion device there are not only anchor boxes but also many anchor steel bars including the main steel bars in the beam body and the embedded anchor steel bars which make it difficult to pour concrete and it is easy to cause problems such as cavities difficult to guarantee the compactness and insufficient strength There will be a serious problem of complete destruction of the anchorage Major diseases 1 Disease analysis of too narrow expansion joint the width of expansion joint is not appropriate during construction and installation As a result the reserved compression amount is insufficient the expansion joint is squeezed the internal stress is increased the concrete of the expansion joint body is squeezed and the pavement is damaged such as potholes The expansion joint width has abnormal change compared with the normal joint width reserved in the design 2 Disease analysis of height difference of expansion joint due to abutment subsidence installation error bearing pad stone fragmentation and other reasons one side of the bridge is lower than the other side of the road surface resulting in bridgehead bump After inspection the abutment subsidence did not cause serious damage to the substructure At the same time the two diseases of vehicle bumping at bridge-head and expansion joint damage are interrelated Vehicle bumping at bridge-head causes large impact load directly near the expansion joint resulting in expansion joint damage 3 Analysis of blockage of expansion joint due to the accumulation of sand stone and other sundries the expansion joint is easy to lose the ability of free expansion and contraction When the temperature rises in summer the main beam can not extend freely and it is easy to generate thrust between the adjacent main beam or between the main beam and the abutment In serious cases the main beam is jacked up or the back wall of the abutment is cracked 4 Analysis of damage to the rubber strip of the expansion joint In addition to aging due to the above three kinds of expansion joint diseases it is very easy to cause cracking damage and warping of the rubber strip in the expansion joint 5 Analysis of damage in the anchorage zone the concrete strength of the post-cast strip in the anchorage zone is not enough during construction or the curing is not in place Or there is a height difference with the bridge deck which leads to jumping and the frequent action of overloaded vehicles leads to damage It is easy to cause damage to the steel structure of the expansion joint 6 Water seepage of the expansion joint This is a concomitant disease caused by the damage of the rubber strip or the damage of the anchorage area Water erosion caused by water seepage is very harmful Direct harm water seepage acts on the following parts to cause corresponding harm (1) The rubber of pier (abutment) bearing is aged and cracked and the steel plate is rusted (2) The pier (abutment) concrete and solid slab beam body are eroded and pitted and the reinforcement is rusted and expanded (3) Water accumulation in cavity of hollow slab beam (4) The end of steel structure beam is rusted Indirect hazard water erosion will spread to beams slabs and hinge joints and damage the upper load-bearing parts If the bridge deck pavement is permeable the following diseases will be aggravated (5) The hinge joint leaks and the hinge joint falls off seriously (6) Hollow slab web cracks (7) Single plate stress of bridge (such diseases of small and medium-sized hollow slab girder bridge are more serious) Tianzhuangtai Bridge Panjin Liaoning At 7 o'clock on the morning of June 10 2004 Tianzhuangtai Bridge in Panjin City Liaoning Province suddenly collapsed The bridge broke 27 meters from the middle three cars fell into the water two agricultural vehicles fell into the water to escape but fortunately no one died The accident was caused by overloading Long-term water seepage at the expansion joint at the end of the cantilever beam on the bridge deck leads to the decrease of the durability of the bracket and the sudden fracture of the heavy vehicle when it passes resulting in the falling off of the hanging beam Water seepage in the expansion joint Water seepage in the expansion joint Mortar shrinkage crack and water seepage of hollow slab beam head plate It is harmful to steel beams and hollow beams There is water seepage in the expansion joint and there are water marks on the hollow beam so it is necessary to drill holes to drain water Waterproofing of expansion joints of steel structure bridges is particularly important Major diseases Other types Failure of continuous expansion joints on bridge deck Loose rubber expansion joint nut Expansion joint curing Section of Mingyangtan Bridge in Harbin after Collapse Completely out of control The expansion joint is completely replaced by asphalt concrete Clean the expansion joint Repair and replace the rubber strip Maintenance anchorage area Integral replacement of expansion joint Expansion joint cleaning is the most important in daily maintenance and it is often the most easily overlooked Expansion joints are generally cleaned once a month and the frequency of road sections prone to pollution needs to be increased Sharp tools shall not be used during cleaning to prevent damage to the rubber strip High pressure water gun high strength fan and other equipment can be used Once the rubber strip is damaged it must be repaired or replaced Local small cracks and damages can be bonded with epoxy resin The rubber strips with large damage and serious aging shall be replaced When replacing the old rubber strips shall be pulled out with a crowbar similar to tire replacement and the new rubber strips shall be replaced in the same way Cracks and damages in the anchorage area must be repaired immediately The cracks in the anchorage zone can be treated with epoxy resin and the cracks with wider width can be repaired with epoxy mortar If the damage is serious the damaged part shall be chiseled out to expose the reinforcement and section steel parts rust removal shall be carried out and steel fiber concrete or rapid concrete shall be poured for repair Installation of bridge expansion joints Process flow Measure mark out cut the joint remove the concrete and sundries install and block the foam board between the beam joints hoist the expansion joint of the Maole in place adjust the plane position of the expansion joint of the Maole adjust the elevation of the expansion joint and anchor and release the lock do a good job of protection pouring concrete plastering curing and opening traffic Take Mauler expansion joint as an example 1 Joint cutting and grooving the installation of expansion joint device shall be carried out after the pavement is paved as far as possible and the notch size shall meet the requirements for installation of expansion joint device 2 Clean the notch all dirt dust and other unnecessary things must be removed 3 Check whether the gap between the beams of the expansion joint device meets the requirements of installation temperature If not it must be adjusted under the guidance of the engineering and technical personnel of the manufacturer to make the gap between the beams of the expansion joint device meet the design requirements After adjustment press the fixture for installation 4 Take the asphalt pavement on both sides as the elevation place the expansion joint device in the notch adjust the expansion joint device to make its top surface the same as the pavement elevation and its longitudinal slope and transverse slope shall be consistent with the bridge pavement 5 Check the position of the expansion joint device to ensure that the position of the expansion joint device in the direction of vertical joint and the direction of longitudinal joint meets the design requirements If individual embedded reinforcement hinders the correct direction of expansion joint device at this time it can be cut off by gas cutting 6 Connect and weld the anchoring reinforcement on one side of the expansion joint device with the embedded reinforcement in the reserved groove at intervals and then weld the anchoring reinforcement on the other side according to the above steps When the expansion joint device is confirmed to be fixed the clamp can be taken down and then the rest of the unwelded anchoring steel bars are completely welded with the embedded steel bars so that the expansion joint device is reliably anchored 7 If the expansion joint device is installed in sections the joint must be welded The welded joint of the section steel has been prepared in the manufacturing plant When the two adjacent joints are aligned it can be installed After all the beams are welded they can be anchored according to the above steps 8 Install the formwork at the beam end The formwork shall be made according to the external dimensions of the expansion joint device and the gap of the reserved groove The formwork shall be made very tight to prevent mortar from flowing into the displacement control box or into the gap at the beam end 9 After the installed formwork is checked to be tight and seamless the reserved groove shall be cleaned and then the concrete (steel fiber concrete) can be poured and vibrated to be dense The concrete shall have at least the same strength as the structural concrete at that location and the top surface of the expansion joint device shall be kept clean during concrete pouring Allowable installation deviation of expansion joint Caution Construction temperature and factory preset gap width The construction joint shall be protected by foam board and the lower part of the bottom V-shaped rubber strip shall also be blocked by polyethylene foam board to prevent mortar leakage Top flatness control Copyright statement The source of this WeChat content is Zhulong Forum Copyright belongs to the original author if it involves copyright issues please contact us we will be the first time to negotiate copyright issues or delete the content! This article is the original author's personal opinion which does not mean that this public number agrees with its views and is responsible for its authenticity Return to Sohu to see more Responsible Editor tape-measure.com
Yucheng, Henan: Why can a Small Steel Tape Measure Measure the World? _ China Vehicles - Motor Bike 2022-08-15
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Yucheng, Henan: Why can a Small Steel Tape Measure Measure the World? _ China Original Title Yucheng Henan Why can a keychain tape measure Small Steel Tape Measure Measure the World China Steel Tape City — — Yucheng County Committee Publicity Department of Yucheng County Henan Province Labeling packing and sealing Song Dongmei a 57-year-old employee of Shangqiu Keming Measuring Tools Co Ltd is skillfully assembling steel tapes "More than 85% of the steel tapes in the country are produced in Yucheng!" Every morning the steel tape assembled by Song Dongmei will be transported to the port in the afternoon and sent to all parts of the world This state-level poverty-stricken county on the old course of the Yellow River has now developed into a "China Steel Tape City" creating a legend of "World Hardware City" Yucheng Steel Tape Characteristic Industrial Base originated from six farmers in Nanzhuang Village Shaogang Town In the 1980s Shaogang Town was a famous poverty-stricken town famous for "eating pickles rather than marrying Shaogang people" Unwilling to be poor six farmers in the village cut up and reassembled the scrap ruler strips purchased from the state-owned tape factory and sold them to the surrounding farmers and construction workers From then on they started their business A stone stirred up a thousand waves and villagers nearby followed suit setting off a wave of assembly of steel tape All of a sudden steel tape workshops blossomed all over the county and the steel tape industry began to emerge The employee is assembling the steel tape Expand the full text In 1992 Yang Jianbo founded the first steel tape factory in Yucheng County Zhongzhou Tape Factory and a group of rural talents such as Xu Xiuzhang and Wu Haiyun also set up factories one after another and small family workshops began to transform to mechanized manufacturing The rudiment of "Steel Tape Kingdom" is beginning to show The following year some factories began to introduce production equipment and carry out semi-mechanized production Soon through self-development and introduction of a complete set of equipment some factories almost fully automated production technical facilities reached the international advanced level of the same industry With the gradual expansion of pure manual to mechanization and scale Yucheng steel tape industry has also encountered the practical problems of high cost low quality and narrow market With the improvement of consumers'quality requirements and brand awareness by the end of the 1990s the original best-selling products had become unsalable products and the steel tape industry in Yucheng was struggling In order to break the limitations of the development of steel tape industry in Yucheng a steel tape association was established in Yucheng County in 1998 With the help and guidance of the county Party committee and the county government on the one hand mini tape measure 29 registered trademarks of steel tapes have been registered and a number of well-known brands such as "Jianghua" "Hongye" and "Wanshanhong" have been established; on the other hand large and small enterprises have done their best to strengthen regional brands and export together The "Kingdom of Steel Tape Measures" began to transform and transform breaking cocoons into butterflies After years of efforts steel tape has not only become a pillar industry in Yucheng County but also developed into the largest production and marketing base of steel tape in China On July 11 2006 Wang Qinping President of China Metrology Association officially issued the plaque of "China (Yucheng) Steel Tape City" to Yucheng County in Shangqiu City The employees are working hard At present there are nearly 2000 steel tape enterprises in Yucheng with an annual output of 15 billion If each tape is connected by 5 meters the total length can circle the earth 190 times; the production and sales volume also accounts for more than 85% of the country and there are more than 100 direct sales points in China It has become the first county of steel tape manufacturing in China Yucheng people are not satisfied with the honorary title of "China Steel Tape City" and are determined to go to the world and become "World Hardware City" When they investigated the international market they found that there was a personalized tape measure demand gap for screwdrivers and began to invest in related industries Many enterprises realized the butterfly change from measuring tools to measuring tools production Yucheng has expanded from a single measuring tool production to a comprehensive hardware measuring tool industry cluster with paint plastics moulds hardware and other steel tape formats as the core and has stepped into the forefront of the national measuring tool industry Promote the employment of the masses at home Since 2010 Yucheng people have opened measuring tool stores in various places with an annual growth rate of 20% firmly occupying the market in developed areas of Europe and the United States and regularly providing information collection data for the Ministry of Commerce of measuring tool commodity countries which has been leading the production and circulation of measuring tools in the world and is regarded as the "barometer" of the world steel tape market by the industry On December 19 2013 China Yucheng International Hardware Trade City with an area of 800 mu and an investment of 105 billion yuan was officially launched as an "aircraft carrier" with the status of global hardware and measuring tools exhibition and trade headquarters forming a tripartite pattern of three major hardware and measuring tools professional wholesale markets with Yiwu in Zhejiang Province in the south Linyi in Shandong Province in the north and Shaogang in Yucheng With the successful operation of China Yucheng Electroplating Industrial Park Henan Shangqiu Bonded Logistics Center and E-commerce Industrial Park in Yucheng County many brand merchants and investors have flocked in Today Yucheng's annual export earnings amount to more than 40 million US dollars accounting for half of the country's export scale and its products are sold all over the world to more than 110 countries such as the United States and Canada A neatly arranged steel tape From the sole efforts of individual households to the establishment of industrial bases under the guidance of the government; from low-end products with pure handwork to high-end new products with chip voice systems; from OEM to independent brands; from single physical stores to multi-form multi-channel and all-round marketing of physical and e-commerce; from extensive development to intelligent and intensive development; from domestic sales to export sales The progressive Yucheng people are creating one miracle after another The rising Yucheng is holding high the banner of "China Steel Tape City" and striding towards "World Hardware City" telling the world a new story of Made in China Source People's Daily Return to Sohu to see more Responsible Editor tape-measure.com
Yucheng, Henan: Why can a Small Steel Tape Measure Measure the World? _ China Vehicles - Motor Bike 2022-08-15
No Picture
Yucheng, Henan: Why can a Small Steel Tape Measure Measure the World? _ China Original Title Yucheng Henan Why can a keychain tape measure Small Steel Tape Measure Measure the World China Steel Tape City — — Yucheng County Committee Publicity Department of Yucheng County Henan Province Labeling packing and sealing Song Dongmei a 57-year-old employee of Shangqiu Keming Measuring Tools Co Ltd is skillfully assembling steel tapes "More than 85% of the steel tapes in the country are produced in Yucheng!" Every morning the steel tape assembled by Song Dongmei will be transported to the port in the afternoon and sent to all parts of the world This state-level poverty-stricken county on the old course of the Yellow River has now developed into a "China Steel Tape City" creating a legend of "World Hardware City" Yucheng Steel Tape Characteristic Industrial Base originated from six farmers in Nanzhuang Village Shaogang Town In the 1980s Shaogang Town was a famous poverty-stricken town famous for "eating pickles rather than marrying Shaogang people" Unwilling to be poor six farmers in the village cut up and reassembled the scrap ruler strips purchased from the state-owned tape factory and sold them to the surrounding farmers and construction workers From then on they started their business A stone stirred up a thousand waves and villagers nearby followed suit setting off a wave of assembly of steel tape All of a sudden steel tape workshops blossomed all over the county and the steel tape industry began to emerge The employee is assembling the steel tape Expand the full text In 1992 Yang Jianbo founded the first steel tape factory in Yucheng County Zhongzhou Tape Factory and a group of rural talents such as Xu Xiuzhang and Wu Haiyun also set up factories one after another and small family workshops began to transform to mechanized manufacturing The rudiment of "Steel Tape Kingdom" is beginning to show The following year some factories began to introduce production equipment and carry out semi-mechanized production Soon through self-development and introduction of a complete set of equipment some factories almost fully automated production technical facilities reached the international advanced level of the same industry With the gradual expansion of pure manual to mechanization and scale Yucheng steel tape industry has also encountered the practical problems of high cost low quality and narrow market With the improvement of consumers'quality requirements and brand awareness by the end of the 1990s the original best-selling products had become unsalable products and the steel tape industry in Yucheng was struggling In order to break the limitations of the development of steel tape industry in Yucheng a steel tape association was established in Yucheng County in 1998 With the help and guidance of the county Party committee and the county government on the one hand mini tape measure 29 registered trademarks of steel tapes have been registered and a number of well-known brands such as "Jianghua" "Hongye" and "Wanshanhong" have been established; on the other hand large and small enterprises have done their best to strengthen regional brands and export together The "Kingdom of Steel Tape Measures" began to transform and transform breaking cocoons into butterflies After years of efforts steel tape has not only become a pillar industry in Yucheng County but also developed into the largest production and marketing base of steel tape in China On July 11 2006 Wang Qinping President of China Metrology Association officially issued the plaque of "China (Yucheng) Steel Tape City" to Yucheng County in Shangqiu City The employees are working hard At present there are nearly 2000 steel tape enterprises in Yucheng with an annual output of 15 billion If each tape is connected by 5 meters the total length can circle the earth 190 times; the production and sales volume also accounts for more than 85% of the country and there are more than 100 direct sales points in China It has become the first county of steel tape manufacturing in China Yucheng people are not satisfied with the honorary title of "China Steel Tape City" and are determined to go to the world and become "World Hardware City" When they investigated the international market they found that there was a personalized tape measure demand gap for screwdrivers and began to invest in related industries Many enterprises realized the butterfly change from measuring tools to measuring tools production Yucheng has expanded from a single measuring tool production to a comprehensive hardware measuring tool industry cluster with paint plastics moulds hardware and other steel tape formats as the core and has stepped into the forefront of the national measuring tool industry Promote the employment of the masses at home Since 2010 Yucheng people have opened measuring tool stores in various places with an annual growth rate of 20% firmly occupying the market in developed areas of Europe and the United States and regularly providing information collection data for the Ministry of Commerce of measuring tool commodity countries which has been leading the production and circulation of measuring tools in the world and is regarded as the "barometer" of the world steel tape market by the industry On December 19 2013 China Yucheng International Hardware Trade City with an area of 800 mu and an investment of 105 billion yuan was officially launched as an "aircraft carrier" with the status of global hardware and measuring tools exhibition and trade headquarters forming a tripartite pattern of three major hardware and measuring tools professional wholesale markets with Yiwu in Zhejiang Province in the south Linyi in Shandong Province in the north and Shaogang in Yucheng With the successful operation of China Yucheng Electroplating Industrial Park Henan Shangqiu Bonded Logistics Center and E-commerce Industrial Park in Yucheng County many brand merchants and investors have flocked in Today Yucheng's annual export earnings amount to more than 40 million US dollars accounting for half of the country's export scale and its products are sold all over the world to more than 110 countries such as the United States and Canada A neatly arranged steel tape From the sole efforts of individual households to the establishment of industrial bases under the guidance of the government; from low-end products with pure handwork to high-end new products with chip voice systems; from OEM to independent brands; from single physical stores to multi-form multi-channel and all-round marketing of physical and e-commerce; from extensive development to intelligent and intensive development; from domestic sales to export sales The progressive Yucheng people are creating one miracle after another The rising Yucheng is holding high the banner of "China Steel Tape City" and striding towards "World Hardware City" telling the world a new story of Made in China Source People's Daily Return to Sohu to see more Responsible Editor tape-measure.com
Yucheng, Henan: Why can a Small Steel Tape Measure Measure the World? _ China Vehicles - Motor Bike 2022-08-15
No Picture
Yucheng, Henan: Why can a Small Steel Tape Measure Measure the World? _ China <br><br> Original Title Yucheng Henan Why can a <a href="http://www.tape-measure.com/">keychain tape measure</a> Small Steel Tape Measure Measure the World China Steel Tape City — — Yucheng County Committee Publicity Department of Yucheng County Henan Province Labeling packing and sealing Song Dongmei a 57-year-old employee of Shangqiu Keming Measuring Tools Co Ltd is skillfully assembling steel tapes "More than 85% of the steel tapes in the country are produced in Yucheng!" Every morning the steel tape assembled by Song Dongmei will be transported to the port in the afternoon and sent to all parts of the world This state-level poverty-stricken county on the old course of the Yellow River has now developed into a "China Steel Tape City" creating a legend of "World Hardware City" Yucheng Steel Tape Characteristic Industrial Base originated from six farmers in Nanzhuang Village Shaogang Town In the 1980s <br><br>Shaogang Town was a famous poverty-stricken town famous for "eating pickles rather than marrying Shaogang people" Unwilling to be poor six farmers in the village cut up and reassembled the scrap ruler strips purchased from the state-owned tape factory and sold them to the surrounding farmers and construction workers From then on they started their business A stone stirred up a thousand waves and villagers nearby followed suit setting off a wave of assembly of steel tape All of a sudden steel tape workshops blossomed all over the county and the steel tape industry began to emerge The employee is assembling the steel tape Expand the full text In 1992 Yang Jianbo founded the first steel tape factory in Yucheng County Zhongzhou Tape Factory and a group of rural talents such as Xu Xiuzhang and Wu Haiyun also set up factories one after another and small family workshops began to transform to mechanized manufacturing The rudiment of "Steel Tape Kingdom" is beginning to show The following year some factories began to introduce production equipment and carry out semi-mechanized production Soon through self-development and introduction of a complete set of equipment some factories almost fully automated production technical facilities reached the international advanced level of the same industry With the gradual expansion of pure manual to mechanization and scale Yucheng steel tape industry has also encountered the practical problems of high cost low quality and narrow market With the improvement of consumers'quality requirements and brand awareness by the end of the 1990s the original best-selling products had become unsalable products and the steel tape industry in Yucheng was struggling In order to break the limitations of the development of steel tape industry in Yucheng a steel tape association was established in Yucheng County in 1998 With the help and guidance of the county Party committee and the county government on the one hand <a href="http://www.tape-measure.com/">mini tape measure</a> 29 registered trademarks of steel tapes have been registered and a number of well-known brands such as "Jianghua" "Hongye" and "Wanshanhong" have been established; on the other hand large and small enterprises have done their best to strengthen regional brands and export together <br><br>The "Kingdom of Steel Tape Measures" began to transform and transform breaking cocoons into butterflies After years of efforts steel tape has not only become a pillar industry in Yucheng County but also developed into the largest production and marketing base of steel tape in China On July 11 2006 Wang Qinping President of China Metrology Association officially issued the plaque of "China (Yucheng) Steel Tape City" to Yucheng County in Shangqiu City The employees are working hard At present there are nearly 2000 steel tape enterprises in Yucheng with an annual output of 15 billion If each tape is connected by 5 meters the total length can circle the earth 190 times; the production and sales volume also accounts for more than 85% of the country and there are more than 100 direct sales points in <br><br>China It has become the first county of steel tape manufacturing in China Yucheng people are not satisfied with the honorary title of "China Steel Tape City" and are determined to go to the world and become "World Hardware City" When they investigated the international market they found that there was a <a href="http://www.tape-measure.com/">personalized tape measure</a> demand gap for screwdrivers and began to invest in related industries Many enterprises realized the butterfly change from measuring tools to measuring tools production Yucheng has expanded from a single measuring tool production to a comprehensive hardware measuring tool industry cluster with paint plastics moulds hardware and other steel tape formats as the core and has stepped into the forefront of the national measuring tool industry Promote the employment of the masses at home Since 2010 Yucheng people have opened measuring tool stores in various places with an annual growth rate of 20% firmly occupying the market in developed areas of Europe and the United States and regularly providing information collection data for the Ministry of Commerce of measuring tool commodity countries which has been leading the production and circulation of measuring tools in the world and is regarded as the "barometer" of the world steel tape market by the industry<br><br> On December 19 2013 China Yucheng International Hardware Trade City with an area of 800 mu and an investment of 105 billion yuan was officially launched as an "aircraft carrier" with the status of global hardware and measuring tools exhibition and trade headquarters forming a tripartite pattern of three major hardware and measuring tools professional wholesale markets with Yiwu in Zhejiang Province in the south Linyi in Shandong Province in the north and Shaogang in Yucheng With the successful operation of China Yucheng Electroplating Industrial Park Henan Shangqiu Bonded Logistics Center and E-commerce Industrial Park in Yucheng County many brand merchants and investors have flocked in Today Yucheng's annual export earnings amount to more than 40 million US dollars accounting for half of the country's export scale and its products are sold all over the world to more than 110 countries such as the United States and Canada A neatly arranged steel tape From the sole efforts of individual households to the establishment of industrial bases under the guidance of the government; from low-end products with pure handwork to high-end new products with chip voice systems; from OEM to independent brands; from single physical stores to multi-form multi-channel and all-round marketing of physical and e-commerce; from extensive development to intelligent and intensive development; from domestic sales to export sales The progressive Yucheng people are creating one miracle after another The rising Yucheng is holding high the banner of "China Steel Tape City" and striding towards "World Hardware City" telling the world a new story of Made in China Source People's Daily Return to Sohu to see more Responsible Editor <a href="http://www.tape-measure.com/">tape-measure.com</a>
About hanming wpc group for outdoor Products Furniture 2022-08-12
HANMING WPC is a Chinese WPC manufacturer of production system that designed for both household decoration and commercial buildings. As a leading plastics recycler and producer of green composite, we manufacture in an energy efficient way, virtually waste-free production process. HANMING is one of the professional wpc decking manufacturer in China, which specializing in manufacturing and marketing of wpc decking, wpc tiles, plastic pedestal etc., https://www.hanmingwpc.com
After Qing Dynasty Wears Xiaomeng: The Overbearing Fourth Master Chases with His Life Jobs - Employee 2022-08-12
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After Qing Dynasty Wears Xiaomeng: The Overbearing Fourth Master Chases with His Life

Chunhua stretched herself and sat down on the edge of the bed "Mammy hurry back to the empress and wait on her The maidservant can stay here" "Well if you have something to do you can call another maid of honor" "Don't worry" Chunhua has been to Yonghe Palace so many times and knows a lot of people Qin Mammy went outside to explain again and then went to the imperial garden Chapter 296 can be really noisy! Kangxi looked at his black and strong daughter and sighed helplessly Then he saw a fake palace maid dressed as a woman standing behind Jiu Gege His nose was almost out of breath "Xiao Jiu what's that standing behind you" Think I'm stupid! The false palace maid was Kong Xiuming When he heard that Kangxi was angry he quickly knelt down Jiu Gege calmly wiped his mouth and walked up to Kangxi "Huang Ama this is the man I saved at the beginning His name is Kong Xiuming Now he is my sparring partner Although his martial arts are not as good as mine they are not bad I intend to focus on training him" "As a bodyguard" In short Kangxi did not expect Xiao Jiu to make him a eunuch Yes Jiu

Gege didn't figure out what he wanted Kong Xiuming to do but it sounded like the bodyguard was more reliable Then why did you bring him into the palace "See the world" Jiu Gege answered very simply Kangxi snorted coldly "OK you can say whatever you like After dinner you can either send him away or send him to clean up It's up to you!" "All right!" “……” Kangxi Jiu Gege is getting more and more naughty now knowing that Kangxi won't really be angry with her Kong warehouse storage racks Xiuming some regret to come over in case if really clean body that oneself is not to become a little Confucius! "Gege shall we go" Kong Xiuming was a little afraid What's the panic Even if it's cut it can grow back Nine Gege comforted Kong Xiuming was dumbfounded and said in a low voice "No who did you hear that" "Uh" Oh I won't let you be a little father-in-law Don't worry! Jiu Gege didn't expect Kong Xiuming to be so timid He planned to train his courage well when he had the chance Kong Xiuming breathed a sigh of relief this surprise is too scary! Two people's dialogue a word did not fall into Su Wanchun's ears she suddenly felt that nine Gege and Kong Xiuming looked quite a good match! The banquet soon ended Su Wanchun and Yin Zhen went to Yonghe Palace to pick up their son a family of three with sister-in-law happy out of the palace Kong Xiuming followed behind Jiu Gege and when he stepped out of the palace gate his heart which had been hanging all the time fell to the bottom in an instant When Lady Huang saw them coming home she asked with a smile "How are you Is it hot today" "My mother left zongzi specially for my master" Jiu Gege is a good disciple of filial piety As long as he eats delicious food he will definitely think of his master! Lady Huang nodded with relief "Xiao Jiu is really filial I am very happy to be a teacher" "Thank you Master!" Jiu Gege's polite fist is quite chivalrous! Su Wanchun went back to the room with Hong Hui in her arms and put the child on the bed She found that the child's eyes heavy duty metal racks were a little sad "Oh didn't you sleep well at noon" "Whoo" Hong Hui chirped a few times Su Wanchun felt that something was wrong with Hong Hui reached out and touched the child's forehead saw that there was no fever push back racking system and did not think much about it What's the matter Yin Zhen approached the bedside and reached out to touch the child Hong Hui is a little spiritless "I didn't sleep well" "It may be" Husband and wife did not think much accompanied Hong Hui to play for a while saw the child yawned again patted gently then coaxed the child to sleep At that moment Mammy Ann came in and saluted the two of them She stumbled and said "Maidservant maidservant has something to report" "What's the matter Why are you a little abnormal like Honghui" Su Wanchun asked in surprise What's wrong with the elder brother Mammy Ann asked anxiously It's just that when I left the palace I was a little tired I didn't seem to sleep well and now I'm asleep again Su Wanchun said As soon as Mammy Ann heard this she was relieved "I probably didn't sleep well By the way my master the maidservant heard from the people outside that Lord Nala had straightened up the side of Fujin" "What" Su Wanchun exploded on the spot! Master don't be angry It's normal

” "It's only been a month and my mother's body is not yet cold How dare he straighten up Fujin" Oh my God he is so beautiful! Although Su Wanchun knew that Fei Yanggu would not defend for Nala Fujin he could not support the new people so quickly could he Anyway you have to spend half a year right "Master what do you say" Mammy Ann didn't feel right either Go home to have a look and straighten up the side Fujin Aren't my brothers going to call the side Fujin the forehead Niang Su Wanchun would never agree went to the front of the cabinet changed a suit of clothes to go back to that pull home to have a look Holding his forehead Yin Zhen grabbed Su Wanchun and said "Stop it It's not necessarily true Maybe there's something else" "What is the secret of righting the side room after my mother died for a month" Su Wanchun said grumpily All right I'll go with you Yin Zhen did not stop he also wanted to know Fei Yanggu what is wrong play such a thing to be spurned Go Su Wanchun walked out of the room in a murderous manner Huang Niangzi and Jiu Gege were puzzled and asked "What's the matter with you" "Go back to your mother's home to look for trouble!" Su Wanchun walked out in a domineering manner Yin Zhen then followed and the two men got into the carriage Jiu Gege grabbed Mammy Ann and asked "What did you say to my fourth sister-in-law" "Lord Nala wants to straighten the side room but the master doesn't agree Go back and deal with it" "The fourth sister-in-law did the right thing I might as well go with her What if there's a fight and the fourth sister-in-law is not an opponent" Jiu Gege said worriedly Huang Niangzi rolled her eyes and said "Calm down If you go when Wan Chun roars you will definitely go up directly At that time your fourth brother will not be able to pull you two" “……” Jiu Ge Ge Master Huang can you really fight Mammy Ann asked worriedly Who dares to hit the prince "Yes!" Mammy Ann is relieved Jiu Gege looked at his fist and said coldly "As long as you meet those people who have thorns it doesn't make sense just hit them directly!" 。 jracking.com
Shangguan Ding Qibu Gan Ge Jobs - Employee 2022-08-12
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Shangguan Ding Qibu Gan Ge

Suddenly with a slight cough he hurried downstairs A man was already sitting in the room He was wearing a very low turban covering half of his face He was dressed incognito like a scholar Lord Lingyue whispered "Master Xu is a true believer I'm waiting for good news" The man who was known as Xu Xueshang said "This matter concerns the lives of dozens of people in my family and it concerns the lives of all the people in the world How dare I neglect it" Lord Lingyue said in a low voice "Has Xu Xuetu the former commander of my army been arranged in the palace" "This is the most effective chess piece" said Xu Xuetu "How could I neglect it The former commander of your army has been recommended by me to be the deputy leader of the imperial guards" He spoke in an old-fashioned manner and although the Lord of Lingyue was slightly dissatisfied the man in front of him was very skillful and mature warehouse pallet racks and his heart was greatly relieved "What's the matter with the general"

Asked Lord Lingyue Xu Xuetu said "Marshal Wu is very popular with the troops His family is loyal to the emperor They have been important officials and generals from generation to generation Although I have framed him in many ways the emperor still refuses to deal with him rashly" Lord Ling Yue said "If you encourage your trusted followers to riot several times in the capital at least you will drive this man out of the side of the emperor in Beijing" "That's easy for me" said Xu Xuetu "Tomorrow on the sixteenth day of the seventh month" said Lord Lingyue "I've heard that the Son of Heaven will offer sacrifices to Heaven in the suburbs Is that true" Master Xu nodded and said "Exactly" "Tomorrow" said Lord Lingyue "the officials will accompany the emperor in the northern suburbs The palace must be empty Send someone to steal the amulet of the military forces dispatched to Beijing for the young Lord" Xu Xueshang strongly objected He shook his head and said "The military forces in the capital are all in the hands of Marshal Wu If the emperor finds out that he has lost his amulet won't he frighten the snake" Lord Ling Yue said "Xiao Wang only needs to let one person look at it a few times and then he can return the amulet" Xu Xueshang said thoughtfully "Did the skillful craftsman come to Beijing again" Lord Lingyue nodded and said "He stayed in

Beijing last time and didn't return with Xiao Wang" "That's all right" said Xu "I'll arrange everything in the capital I hope Your Majesty will succeed immediately I" "Master Xu" said Lord Lingyue "is it difficult to spend money" Master Xu nodded and said "I've arranged it in secret The right to spend money is amazing There's not much left of the two hundred thousand taels last time" "That's easy" said Lord Lingyue He took out a silver ticket from the draw and said "This is three hundred thousand taels It's up to you to use it" Xu Xueshang's face was full of joy Lord Lingyue suddenly said "There is still more than half a year to go Xu Xueshang take care of yourself" Just then suddenly with the sound of footsteps in the corridor his heart pushed open the door and went straight in Xu Xuetu's face changed greatly and he was frightened and frightened "This is Xiao Wang's personal bodyguard" said Lord Ling Yue "Don't worry Bachelor Xu" Xu Xuetu is silent "When the time comes" said Lord Lingyue "it would be best for you to move the garrison first Xiao Wang envies Beijing culture and doesn't want to attack and destroy the ancient capital for many years So please ask Xu Xuetu to pay more attention" Xu Xueshang should be Teardrop Pallet Racking he looked at Lingyue Lord seems to be not enough What kind of person was the Lord of Lingyue He knew his mind at once Suddenly he saw his heart twinkling in his eyes He used the skill of passing on education in the Chamber of Secrets and said "All you have to do is to capture Beijing You can choose the dukes ministers and princes" Xu Xueshang whispered in his ear "I was a great scholar in the court and I stood up to the prime minister as an equal Your Majesty should know how much danger I was taking in the arrangement" Lord Lingyue smiled and said "It's done You are the first one How about dividing the land with you as the boundary of the Yangtze River and Qinling Mountains" "That's what I want" said Xu Xuetu "I'd like to thank Your Majesty in advance" As soon as he bowed to the ground Lord warehousing storage solutions Lingyue just smiled Suddenly he saw his heart turning around and wanting to go He didn't miss any opportunity He immediately said to Xu in a deep voice "Tomorrow evening Xiao Wang will first go to Shuangtiaozi Hutong to attack and kill Marshal Wu so that there will be no elbows in the university" "What" Xu Xuetu exclaimed Your Majesty you say The Lord of Lingyue kept winking at Xu Xueshang Xu Xueshang was so experienced that he knew there must be a dispute "Your Majesty be more careful" he said Lord Ling Yue looked at the heart of his back and promised again and again in his mouth

His words were originally said casually tomorrow look at the movement of his heart the Xu scholar left Lingyue Lord was waiting to go back to the room suddenly the shadow in the courtyard rose and fell flashed into three young people Ling Yueguo called and said "Is Lin Er back" The three young men came forward together and prostrated themselves Two of them were disciples of Kim Nam-do the Western Sword God who had come to Beijing with them The other was the youngest She was born with fine skin and tender flesh She was as good as a woman It was Lin Er who was the youngest With a big sack beside him he said with a smile "Master you have come to Beijing!"! Fancy meeting you here He didn't seem to be afraid of Lord Lingyue He laughed and laughed casually Lord Lingyue laughed and scolded "Where did you go again" "Don't be too happy to go back" "My disciple has taken a fancy to a noble young lady" said Lin "She's really beautiful and beautiful She looks better than an orchid As long as my disciple fulfills his wish he will dismiss his concubines and spend his whole life with her" Lord Lingyue snorted "Every time you get a woman you say that I'm tired of hearing that Is that the girl in your sack" As the saying goes "a man who knows his disciples is better than his teacher; a man who knows his son is better than his father" He knows this virtue of the baby like the palm of his hand "The more chaste this woman is" said Lin "the more I cherish her At least I'll wait for her to change her mind" "Don't fool around" said Lord Lingyue "If you really love her you can take her back as soon as possible or you can let her go" The woodland suddenly opened the sack revealing a flowery girl Lingyue Lord looked twice also can not help but secretly praise unceasingly turned into the inner room The girl's acupoint was punctured and her whole body was soft Woodland clapped his hand and solved her dumb hole The girl opened her eyes looked around and began to shout abuse Lin stretched out her tongue and said "What a temper! Miss Zhuang haven't you scolded enough" The girl kept on cursing "Good girl" said Liner "Xiaosheng really loves you Otherwise he wouldn't have violated you at all" The girl scolded until her mouth was dry and her tongue withered "What did you do to Grandfather Du" She asked 。 jracking.com
Immortals of rebirth also love their youth Jobs - Employee 2022-08-12
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Immortals of rebirth also love their youth

"Whoo" OPPA I didn't mean it you must not have anything to do "Anxious Xiuyan immediately hugged the" fainted "Jin Zheming without noticing that Jin Zheming's head was rubbing back and forth on his already plump hillside Jin Zheming enjoyed the softness of his head and face unable to control the expression of his face which blossomed on his face but the anxious girls did not notice and were somewhat at a loss Jin Zheming has some feelings some happy girls are so sincere to him but also some headache for the girls so stupid behavior Jin Zheming some ah do not know how to say in the end is it lucky or sad No way girls do this to themselves until now have not found themselves can prove that they are how to themselves do everything to have a degree then let me wake up Jin Zheming who was preparing to start acting suddenly felt a relief between his head and the ground Fortunately the heavy duty rack manufacturers ground was covered with a blanket otherwise the sudden change of Jin Zheming who was unprepared disrupted Jin Zheming's layout What's going on What's going on "Ah Jin Zheming you get up Don't pretend I've seen it all It's true My tears are still very valuable" As a litigant Xiuyan at the beginning was frightened by Jin Zheming's sudden fainting He forgot all kinds of abilities of Jin Zheming and how he abused him before So it is as if the same other people are very anxious such a reaction is how fully proved the status of Jin Zheming in her heart ah But although the authorities are confused but how silly can not feel that strange do not know how Xiuyan in Jin Zheming's head touched his precious place is something wrong if Jin Zheming really dizzy should not have this feeling ah Xiuyan at this time is to feel that Jin Zheming is deliberately taking advantage of himself it is a strange feeling There's something wrong all over Like a bolt from the blue suddenly anxious heart is not so anxious become more calm than anyone else with this emotion Xiuyan in Jin

Zheming's body and face finally fixed on Jin Zheming's smiling face Xiuyan confirmed his idea originally so regretful and sad Xiuyan was suddenly so news the reaction is not angry but happy because Jin Zheming was not injured because of himself because Jin Zheming was not hurt fortunately fortunately At this time Xiuyan did not care about the advantage that was taken nor did he care that Jin Zheming was acting What he wanted to know was that Jin Zheming was all right With hope Xiuyan came to the above one hoping that the result would be as he thought "Ho ho (I don't know how to write the sound of snoring That's it for the time being I think of the sound of snoring)" Jin Zheming who was debunked mobile racking systems was also debunked by Xiuyan Jin Zheming really couldn't hang his face He could only carry it out to the end As for why he couldn't hang it he still took advantage of the shame All the young girls were overwhelmed by this change The picture turned too fast and the simple head could not keep up with the rhythm "Clear the table eat come over a few people to bring the meal" Coincidence infinite in progress the voice of the golden mother is to save Jin Zheming from the bitter sea in Jin industrial racking systems Zheming's own opinion ah do not know the girl's idea that he is so simple to think do not know how much to thank the golden mother ah Everyone left Jin Zheming who was still pretending to sleep there to go about his own business and to clean up the meals that should be served as if they had forgotten what had just happened And Jin Zheming is also continue to fall asleep no one to call him can only pretend but when the time comes to wake up naturally or can But God really let Jin Zheming not get what he wanted

、 "Get up but also pretend to what time really you don't go to acting all lose" gold mother busy in one side watching Jin Zheming sleep here to do not feel anything but one side of the show research directly to a snitch told the gold mother said Jin Zheming pretend to sleep there gold mother is angry up we are not busy here where he has leisure to sleep But also installed this is what intentions "Ah whine (breathe obviously also faked) OMA" Jin Zheming rubbed his eyes as he breathed The appearance was so funny in the eyes of the girl who knew what she really wanted and Jin Zheming went on knowing nothing about it Get up quickly Come here to help "Mother Jin sighed with some helplessness Silly son how long will you be silly They all know about this thing of yours Silently sighed with emotion For this silly son of Jin Zheming Mother Jin is "Ah so soon ah hehe" silly reaction "Hurry up" Jin Mu couldn't stand it any more and shouted directly Jin Zheming stood up in a hurry and walked toward the girls with a smiling face Jin Zheming understood a little It was really a shame to think of it Until the end of such a breakfast Jin Zheming felt that he had lost his adult this time What He had been acting for a long time but he could see it and he still didn't know that they had seen it and they were still acting there It was really a shame Jin Zheming would not know that his acting skills were only exposed because of the mysterious woman's sixth sense otherwise Jin Zheming might feel better 、、、 ———————————————— Support brother Ask about it la [Text Chapter 76 Leaky Shooting!] () Life has returned to calm Jin Zheming and the girls also came to the place where the poster was to be shot today The place where the poster was shot today was an indoor scene Kim Min-jung was relieved at this point The photographer who shot the poster was the same one as yesterday so the photography team was the same jracking.com
Peerless Wind and Cloud txt Complete Works E-book Download Mobile Novel Download Complete Works Novel Download Jobs - Employee 2022-08-12
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Peerless Wind and Cloud txt Complete Works E-book Download Mobile Novel Download Complete Works Novel Download

Then I'll put it out but I'll never really put it out just for show I informed Yiyi with my heart and asked her to strengthen her guard while I put away the Dragon Sword of God and began to fool the devils He pulled a branch with leaves at random and began to beat the flames It's better not to attack but the fire is more fierce Because I don't want to put out a fire at all and when the branches are stained with oil I throw them everywhere After a while not only was there a lively fire inside but there was also a fire outside the hall The fairy boy was so angry that he knew I was looking for trouble but he couldn't help it because I did what he said I was putting out the fire not adding fuel The fairy boy finally couldn't help it He rushed up and shouted "Get out of the way I don't need you anymore I'll do it myself" I shrugged dropped the branch and stepped aside You put out the fire anyway it's almost burning now Even if you use the immortal method once the temperature drops the hall will be finished and must collapse My purpose is nothing more than to let this hall collapse you are willing to help that is wire mesh deckingthe best Fairy boy is indeed a fairy boy fairy ah there is a way He clasped his hands together and muttered something in his mouth With his incantation the wind suddenly rose rolling up countless sand and the sky and the earth were dark This guy has not studied the environmental protection law You are making sandstorms Unfortunately I am not from the Environmental Protection Bureau otherwise you will be fined There was a strange sound of wind and it seemed that something was moving rapidly in the air I looked up hurriedly What I didn't say was that I was surprised by the fairy boy He actually used the overwhelming method to move a mountain from a distance Damn it he is more ruthless than me If this is suppressed the fire will be extinguished but the five-clawed golden dragon will become a meat sauce But what can I do with my Xuanyuan Shenjian I have no way to remove this mountain I don't think this fairy boy can kindly remove the mountain again can he Flying mountain with'whir 'wind fell from the air the Xuanyuan temple to smash but he also put out the fire in this case can not put out the fire then the fairy boy is almost good to eat shit At the moment when the flying mountain came a golden light flew out of the Xuanyuan Temple and rushed straight to me I know that this golden light is the golden dragon with five claws This guy may be really anxious now not only was he burned for a while but now even the nest has been destroyed He has no temper with the fairy boy maybe because he can't beat others or maybe because the fairy boy is the Queen Mother of the West beating the dog depends on the master he dare not do anything to others But it's different for me The combination of old and new hatred is enough to drive this guy crazy Now he is crazy desperate to rush at me there is no defense is a desperate posture But it doesn't matter five-claw golden dragon I have long been on guard against you you will die! drive in racking systemHe turned around and drew his sword shaking his feet shuttle rack system avoiding the big head of the five-clawed golden dragon and the holy dragon sword of God was already in the air roaring down The five-clawed dragon was full of momentum and I dodged when he almost hit me so he went straight over the head and sold me all the back parts of his head Yiyi is not slow she is always paying attention to the movement of Xuanyuan Temple when the golden light flashes she also moved fleshy wings spread low flying up chasing the five-claw golden dragon down In midair his body whirled and flew at the five-clawed golden dragon with the non-standard style of the imperial sword As soon as the five-clawed golden dragon missed he knew something was wrong

As soon as the dragon twisted he wanted to fly high into the sky This guy may also see that I can't fly as long as I fly into the air his risk factor will be much smaller But this guy is very smart Why can't he run You have to guard this place As soon as the five-clawed golden dragon moved I also changed my moves To deal with this big BOSS I have long known that it is impossible to split him with a sword So I still kept three points of strength in this sword just now in order to prevent the five-claw golden dragon from changing again Seeing that he wanted to run away at the moment it was polite The Holy Dragon Sword of God flew out and pierced a big hole in the body of the five-clawed golden dragon Originally it was impossible for the Holy Dragon Sword of God to do this but after the transformation of the Queen Mother of the West the Holy Dragon Sword of God has been able to split all things in the world and it is a piece of cake to pierce a hole in the five-claw golden dragon

The five-clawed golden dragon was so painful that it fell in midair Poke a transparent hole in the body I'm afraid it's not good to put it on anyone The five-clawed golden dragon's voice changed with pain "Human how dare you hurt me" This guy may be in pain I'm not only going to hurt you I'm going to kill you Yiyi took advantage of the five-clawed golden dragon's serious injury fleshy wings vibrated 'whoosh' flew up and rushed to the five-clawed golden dragon With a cold hum I threw up a section of withered branches and flew up On the way with the help of a little withered branches on my toes I turned sharply The Holy Dragon Sword of God was raised high and split at the big head of the five-clawed golden dragon As soon as the five-clawed golden dragon came out we were beaten This guy originally wanted to take advantage of our inattention sneak attack do not want me and Yiyi are always on guard against him did not give him a chance As soon as I made a move I killed a hole in my body Although I was not seriously injured it also affected the speed of action Yiyi shot first and was above the five-clawed golden dragon which attracted all the attention of the five-clawed golden dragon If he is not injured it can not be said that he will worry about my position but now he is injured and Yiyi's strength is not weaker than him So in the face of Yiyi's action he did not dare to be careless at all and concentrated on it In this way it also created an opportunity for me Five-claw Jinlong only stared at Yiyi and never thought that I who could not fly would jump up in midair The song of Yiyi's war angel is from top to bottom and the force is split down The five-clawed golden dragon did not dare to resist and its body fell straight down just in time to meet my holy dragon sword of God I turned around in midair carrying the Holy Dragon Sword of Moving God with the strength of my waist and hit the five-claw golden dragon like a windmill As soon as the five-clawed golden dragon fell he immediately realized that something was wrong but at this time it was too late to avoid it and I opened a long cut on his body which was deep enough to see the bone The guy was in pain and his body was shaking straight and running out jracking.com
A thousand miles of smoke Jobs - Employee 2022-08-12
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A thousand miles of smoke

1 Dead door Family Please don't misunderstand The word "Family" is "Wind and Fire" The name of the hexagram does not have any meaning The Gate of Death is located in the southwest 2 "The appearance of the youth happens to be a butterfly soul that awakens the dream" borrowing a classic of Zhuangzi's butterfly dream Postscript Why is Ale becoming more and more like a warm family drama Jiong Xuanxiao Father Ziying Mother Huaimi Brothers Really TMD Happy Family XDDDDD (was knocked away) Ah and in fact the first half of this article has entered the countdown I plan to finish the first half with two more articles of about 7000 words and then the second half is the orz that I mainly write And look carefully In fact even I am surprised by the number of foreshadowing I have laid in these articles So those who see it or those who are aware of it please pretend not to see it (hello) Continue to go to the small theater at the end and give you a smile M Do Martial Uncle Xuanxiao and Little Ziying have any response to someone's reaction that you have too much inner drama Do you want to increase the dialogue Ziying This I just … (Heads down) Xuanxiao (Turns his head in displeasure) M Well I was wrong T ^ t I forgot that you two were smoldering What kind of question do I ask Does it mean that Martial Uncle Xuanxiao doesn't even bother to say four words (tears streaming down his face) Huo Li Bai Prime Minister Zhi You Press the Sword "Open the Door" Despite a period of twists and turns the two eventually returned to the hotel where they stayed Along

with them came a basket full of rare minerals which were said to have been picked up and collected by the little locust demons "unintentionally" As a matter of course the white-haired young man declined to thank him but looking at the awkward heavy duty cantilever racks appearance of the four dumplings and a child he could not refuse Just when the young man was in a dilemma his brown and black eyes involuntarily glanced at him as if with a sense of asking for help He raised his eyebrows high because it was the first time that the young man had shown such an unexpected expression since they had met a hundred years ago and because he had a rare idea of teasing the young man Then under the startled gaze of the young man and the goblins he said "Then take it" Then he shook his sleeve and left without looking back with a slightly rising arc at the corners of his mouth Too bad he didn't want anyone to see him However he did not know that he also missed the young man who hurried to keep up with him at the same time and the indifferent pleasure in his eyes And what you can't see is often the most real and soft shadow in your heart Bucket handle east finger the world is spring In the middle of the night with the wind blowing in the warm and cold spring night with a little bit of cool asrs warehouse a little bit of penetration into the heart Just as he was now sitting on the red-tiled roof of the inn as if no one was watching the image of the black dragon dancing on the night before the clear moon came out he recalled the past bit by bit And what he saw in the daytime today all about youth Even he was surprised to remember the young man so much all the time! So he needed a period of time to think and such a biased place such a lonely time should have been no one to disturb But the figure that appeared afterwards clearly overturned his idea Xuanxiao Martial Uncle The young man's voice appeared from behind and the words of inquiry made him frown involuntarily "Why did Martial Uncle leave the room at this time" Very well he apparently forgot for a moment that no matter what he said he was still a prisoner of the divine world no matter how loose and unreasonable the keeper was "Whether I leave the room or not should have nothing to do with you" The chagrin that came to his mind was not displeasure but he had to admit that it was not a good thing for the person concerned to appear immediately while he was thinking about things "Why are you so nervous when you can't escape the scrutiny of the divine world anyway" "Martial Uncle actually" The young man opened his mouth as if he wanted to say something but he didn't really say it There was only a little starlight in the evening of the new moon and he couldn't recognize the young man's mouth in the darkness So all he heard was an illusory sigh and then the young man sat down behind him back to back unable to see each other's expressions

"Martial Uncle's interest seems to be watching the stars at night" 「……… If you just say something you do often that's it Meaningless dialogue it seems is just a young man who wants to break the awkward silence but this is not what he cares cantilever racking system about Because there are more things for him to be distracted at the moment There was a little bit of warmth behind him but the young man's body was not really leaning against him just very close so close that he could imagine how the young man was bending his back slightly hugging himself and looking up at the sky Like the way he studied astrology when he first came to the Qionghua School a long time ago I still remember that for the first time in such a high place I saw tiny spots of light spread all over the indigo blue and the clouds and mists set each other off It was so vast and so uncontrollable Counting the cold spots with your fingertips you could see the rosefinch spreading its wings and the blue dragon flying The line of sight rotated and sketched that the white tiger leaped over the basalt of the mountain Even though he was as young as he was at that time he knew that it was the greatest truth between heaven and earth And like now after so much wind and rain the sky is still running like this even from the East China Sea to look up even from the back of the youth to look To change and not to change is only the constant of the way of heaven 「……… Murong Tzu-ying Since the last conversation the young man sat behind him in silence for a long time which made him suspicious He did not remember that the astrolabe was included in the project of youth mastery Finally in spite of his doubts and curiosity he turned his head and found that the young man had already fallen asleep in that way Feelings of powerlessness and surprise welled up between his eyebrows and he really did not know whether to say that the young man had too much trust in him or too little vigilance Unprepared to give his back to a person who may be called hostile not to mention or even fall asleep in the sight of the other side is not something he can imagine jracking.com
Forty thousand years of cultivation Jobs - Employee 2022-08-12
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Forty thousand years of cultivation

Professor Mo Xuan said "This kind of base with strong maintenance and modification ability must be built in a place with abundant psionic energy and natural treasures even if the base is destroyed" The vast world where this star torch is located must also be extremely rich at least it is unlikely to be a waste world where we jump we should be able to get a lot of psionic and material supplies! Li Yao pondered for a moment and felt that what Professor Mo Xuan heavy duty cantilever racks said was very reasonable Think about it if you can really get a logistics base in the era of Xinghai Empire it is simply a windfall from heaven! …… Ten days later Poof The door of the training room opened and a cold air came to my face Inside is 20 times the standard gravity and the temperature is 150 degrees below zero Li Yao naked and wearing only a pair of practice shorts strode out without any frost on his skin ruddy and shiny full of elasticity My strength is completely restored! Li Yao smiled slightly as he clenched his fist and felt the powerful force flowing between flesh and blood The sequelae left by the war with the skeleton dragon demon have all disappeared After the inspiration of the spirit his limbs bones and eight extra meridians were all thoroughly cleansed and he even realized the realm of the strong yuan Ying who looked down on the world and dominated the four directions A large number of lumen crystals swallowed in one breath have not yet been fully absorbed and some of the residues containing powerful psionic powers have also been precipitated between his flesh and blood which will play a role in promoting his future practice Although it is still the middle stage of the foundation period Li Yao is full of confidence in the future practice Because he had seen the road ahead very clearly and he was no longer a headless fly Let's go! Li Yao took a deep breath and strode to the bridge with high morale On the bridge the preparations for the starry jump have been completed and the five ghosts are all manipulating the liquid metal which is integrated into the key magic unit of the Spark monitoring the operation of all the magic weapons In the operation interface the coordinates of the star torch have been input

Next there is one most important thing Li Yao sat on the captain's chair and flicked his hands gently on the operation interface On the shiny new shell of the Spark a symbol red as blood jumping as fire and shining as stars replaced the Red Dragon Swallowing the Sun War Emblem of the Star Sea Empire slowly emerging more and more clear more and more shining A huge dragon baring its teeth and brandishing its claws was sitting on a huge round bead in which there were nine shining five-pointed stars The flag of the Xingyao Federation the battle emblem of the Tianyuan Friar the Nine Stars Rising Dragon! Li Yao gazed at the starry sky in front of him like a vast night smiled slightly put his palm on a sliding amulet on the light curtain and pushed it forward heavily! "Spark forward!" The first article the end tomorrow the beginning of a more magnificent world! The universe shuttle rack system is so big let's go and have a look! First fight out of the novice village Lao Niu said a few words At this point "Xiuzhen forty thousand years" The first article nearly 1400000 words ended smoothly It can also be said that we have created a "novice village" In the past industrial racking systems when Lao Niu wrote a book at most 134 million words were finished This is the first time that he has challenged such a huge scale and such a magnificent world Before the initial writing the heart can not help but some perturbed Facts have proved that in the process of writing there are indeed many places where the structure is not neat and the rhythm is not in place Fortunately there are still so many lovely readers and friends who tolerate Lao Niu's shortcomings and give him great encouragement both material and spiritual support so that Lao Niu can stumble to this day Although there are many regrets in the details but in the general direction it has been sticking to the main outline and has not been out of its own control Lao Niu thank you thank you very much Forty Thousand Years of True Cultivation The first one tells the story of Li Yao the main character becoming a'realist ' Lao Niu wanted to name it "Tianyuan Breakthrough" On the one hand he wanted to pay tribute to the strongest mecha animation in his mind On the other hand Lao Niu had written a story with the same name but different content before At that time he thought it was also a tribute As a result because of the pressure of life and various reasons it ended in a hurry which was quite regrettable

This time we make a comeback hoping to really break through ourselves break through the limit break through Tianyuan! As for The name of the second one Etc At the end of the second article let's talk about it slowly! Chapter 439 gorgeous world This is a brilliant and colorful sea of stars As far as the eye could see everywhere was filled with colorful worlds of interstellar dust and debris as well as spiritual zones of abundant spiritual energy which flowed like a flooded river colliding with each other forming a circle of rainbow-like ripples constantly rippling in all directions On the edge of Xinghai a super giant star torch with a diameter of more than 1000 meters is drifting silently mobile racking systems The star torch is oval in shape like a huge olive which has a history of nearly 10000 years Its surface is pitted by meteorites and there are numerous sharp meteorite fragments directly embedded in it Even the red dragon swallowing the Japanese war emblem on the shell is somewhat mottled On the surface of the star torch a total of eight large nets stretched out The meshes of the four large nets are covered with glittering metal sheets and films each of which is engraved with numerous runes absorbing precious psionic energy from stars nebular storms and spiritual zones The meshes of the other four large nets however are extremely small and they can capture all the passing meteorites and dust transport them to the interior of the star torch and extract the treasures of heaven and earth to meet their own repair needs In this way the star torch slowly rotates constantly emitting tens of thousands of colors of black light on the level invisible to the naked eye marking its position to countless worlds Just then an array of runes inside the star torch was touched by a wonderful force like a sleeping beast waking up producing a chain reaction and countless runes shining one by one On the surface of the star torch numerous metal antennas hundreds of meters long were stretched out which made its volume expand several times jracking.com
Wulin strongman-Sima Ling _ txt novel paradise Jobs - Employee 2022-08-12
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Wulin strongman-Sima Ling _ txt novel paradise

As a result all of Xu Ben's sword-like offensives were completely frustrated If he had known that he would meet such an opponent he would have practiced a swordsmanship that could attack the enemy below the ground Ono Yukimae of course was not always hiding in a hole in the ground so he jumped up regardless of the mud all over his head and body and raised his sword to point at the enemy The shape of Ono Toyomae was both awkward and funny but there were so many people in the audience (including the subordinates of both sides who suddenly stopped fighting) that no one laughed This is because the raising of Ono's long sword scattered a kind of tragic momentum all over his body So that everyone knows at a glance that Yutaka Ono either cut off the enemy's head or was killed by the enemy on the spot and there is no third way This kind of martial art which is both fierce and evil is not absent in China but it is relatively rare As a matter of fact people who practice this kind of martial arts have much more chances of death than others so it is not surprising that we seldom see them But this time there was a strange and strange feeling before Ono Just because he has experienced hundreds of battles he has beheaded countless enemies But in his past experience there was no one like Xu Ben who made him feel strong and vivid fear The origin of fear is not that Xu Ben's martial arts are much stronger than his but that Xu Ben's extremely resolute attitude Xu Ben did not seem to care about victory or defeat life and death at all and he showed that he was willing to die Of course he would never be as generous as a fool to give his life to Ono for no reason When he gave his life there must be some kind of attempt that could be realized But in any case Xu Ben's attitude of despising his own life has formed a strange and tremendous pressure on Ono Fengqian In the experience of Yutaka Ono it was always him who made the first move But this time on the contrary it was Xu Ben who attacked first with his sword and the momentum was even more tragic and astonishing In fact Xu Ben did not pretend at all! He really doesn't want to live Living in the world if the days are always blank if the future has no vision no hope what is the difference between living and death If he didn't have some hatred and anger left in his heart he probably wouldn't even bother to kill Yutaka Ono!

But since Lingbo Fairy has suffered an unexpected disaster and the murderer may be Ono Fengqian these people it is really no harm to try to kill them at least for Lingbo Fairy to breathe a sigh of relief His sword was spread out and turned into a dazzling brilliance Even tile trim factory Xu Ben himself seemed to see that the light of the sword was actually a large area of sparkling green lake water He was not particularly affectionate to the lake water but because there was a small building by the lake And upstairs there is a beautiful woman Xu Ben's "Time Like Water" has always been the weakest and most difficult to play in the "Twelve Swords of Running Clouds" but this time there is a difference between clouds and mud which makes it more exquisite and fluent than any other move The roar of Yutaka Ono like a wounded beast and the extremely fierce combination of body and sword all melted into the misty and confused spring water and then like a dead branch drifting with the tide stainless steel edge trim he lay lifeless and did not move They just one move has been divided into victory and defeat of life and death the moment the golden abacus Iwajima Ken can not help but change color This is because they all know that Ono Fengqian's martial arts attainments are no small matter if Xu Ben can win within a hundred strokes it is already a terrible thing not to mention Xu Ben only fought one move If this inference even if all the available people go up together I'm afraid it's not enough to kill Xu Ben and it must be easier than chopping melons and vegetables The charming and melodious laughter of Lady Lu whose face was covered made the tense atmosphere relax and ease immediately She didn't laugh it off but she had something to say She said "Xu Ben this move seems to be called'Time Like Water '" For you men the passing of time is not the most important and terrible thing so is it the water that reminds you of the past and arouses your hatred Otherwise how could this move be so exquisite "Who are you" Asked Xu Ben coldly "I hope you don't really want to know who I am" said Lady Lu So that you will be interested in hearing what I have to bring up Xu Ben's expression was still as cold as ice and snow Lady Lu laughed and said "If you can kill the remaining four people I promise you to give you a Lingbo Fairy right away"

” At least three people in the stands shook their heads and sighed in the dark They were Jin Abacus Shen Shentong and Liu Shuanghen This was because they all knew clearly that Lingbo Fairy had been killed and that Lady Lu was lying with her eyes open tile profile factory The blood in Xu Ben's chest was boiling with a glimmer of hope and with a long roar he ordered an all-out attack Not only he and five fighters together to launch a fierce and swift attack even the Li Zheng also drew his sword and rushed into the battlefield on foot A glimmer of hope is better than none at all In the final analysis the news of Lingbo Fairy's death is just the news that Liu Shuanghen inquired about The news has not been confirmed yet How dare you conclude that it must be correct People who are lost in the whirlpool of feelings not to say ordinary people even saints often have mistakes and deviations in their judgments Therefore Xu Ben's blood boils for a glimmer of "hope" and expects a miracle which really makes people sympathize with him and can't bear to blame him Ranch law enforcement fighters really live up to their reputation no small matter led by Xu Ben suddenly a move "hearsay" to kill a man in black The rest of the five fighters plus Li Zheng is also less than three strokes will be the remaining three men in black all killed Because everyone is striving to be the first everyone is eager for success so there is no one in the night shrine who is not a blur of flesh and blood On this side of the ranch two men were wounded and their clothes and horses were red with bright red blood Tragic feeling enveloped in everyone's heart human life and blood sometimes become so cheap This is really a concept that makes people reluctant to accept and admit The cruel and real tragedy of life makes the cold autumn in the north even more cruel and solemn But life and death is just common for these Wulin characters who are unwilling to be lonely It would not have caused a lot of sadness and emotion However Xu Ben and others are still all over the transmission emitting a frightening killing machine so now it is not like the usual frost and wind in the autumn jecatrims.com
I gave birth to five big brothers to fight in the palace for me. Jobs - Employee 2022-08-12
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I gave birth to five big brothers to fight in the palace for me.

Jing Cui beckoned the prince to go to the main hall and asked the servant girl outside to prepare the sobering soup Also back to the prince's words are in the extension of time the purpose is to delay the prince so as to give the master to ease some time out In fact the master can consummate the marriage with the prince which is a good thing but after the master's last accident Jing Cui has been secretly studying methods to see what can be remedied to consummate the marriage with the prince otherwise the crime of losing chastity is enough to cut off the head Go away Gu will go in today Gu wants to see the Crown Princess you dare to stop Gu Gu cut off your head Prince staggered in no matter how Jingcui stopped this time can not stop the prince after being pushed away by the prince 'Dong' kicked the door open a pull clothes into the bathroom Still outside the eight-treasure screen he shouted to the inside "Shi Hanfei Shi Hanfei you come out alone come out alone Don't think that if you hide you can't find you alone" When the prince went in Han Fei just hit the clean bath soap on her body and when she heard the sound she didn't even clean it so she came out of the tub with her coat Prince pulled the curtain to go in because the floor was slippery and almost slipped or the ladies who were guarding the side to serve Hanfei pulled a hand to not slip Hanfei a batch of clothes came up saw the prince staggering a few steps in front of her He looked at her with red eyes and when she hadn't noticed he pulled her over his shoulder and took her to the bedroom Things happened so suddenly that no one expected that the prince who had always been gentle and elegant would suddenly be so rude to the Crown Princess Jingcui Jingchun who was chasing after him was so frightened that she didn't expect the prince's movements at all

At this time she found that her metal trim manufacturers master was being carried inside so she had to chase after him and block the way She also shouted in her mouth "Please forgive the prince It's not convenient for the master tonight" "Go away If you block the road again tonight I will push you out and cut you down" Prince angry red glasses tonight to see who is not pleasing to the eye and the bottom of my heart was betrayed by the pain of pressure in the bottom of my heart can not vent out so when I went in with Hanfei in my arms I kicked the bedroom door open with a jump In front of the bed the prince even pulled down the bed curtain vigorously so he threw Hanfei on the bed and then he pressed her down His eyes were red and he was about to bow his head and lie prone to Hanfei Outside Jingcui Jingchun was stopped by He Zhuer with people He also tried his best to persuade "Auntie Cui Auntie Chun it's better for the Crown Prince to cultivate feelings with the Crown Princess than anything else You are the slaves of the Crown Princess Don't you understand this truth" The Crown Princess is favored and the Crown Princess of Yuqing Palace has more status What kind of wind blows this I don't even understand this common sense "But master she" Jing Chun was very anxious Two years ago the master came back without saying anything but at that time the master was Chinese medicine Jing Chun was afraid that if something really happened to the master it would be a great crime to deceive the king to consummate the marriage with the prince! "What happened to the Crown Princess aluminium tile trim profiles " He Zhuer looked around at the two Jingcui Jingchun who stopped him The anxiety on their faces was not fake He really didn't figure it out The Crown Princess went to bed Such a great good thing came but the two maids of the Crown Princess were like a disaster It's nothing Manager He Our master is just a month He hasn't left completely these two days so it's just a little inconvenient Where did Manager He go The master can sleep It's too late for us to be happy in the main courtyard How can we deliberately stop him As Jing Cui spoke she pulled Jing Chun who wanted to speak again and took her outside Before she left she said to He Zhuer "Manager He let's go and prepare the hot water" After seeing He Zhuer nod Jing Cui pulled Jing Chun out with a nervous face Outside the hall Liu Yun was still on the edge of the table walking around and around with his hands folded in front of him saying "Bodhisattva bless Bodhisattva bless I hope the master can get through this" When she was still praying with folded hands she saw Sister Chun and Sister Cui who were still beside her master She ran over anxiously and asked "Sister Cui Sister Chun is your master all right"

” Liu Yun did not know what happened when the master went out two years ago but she remembered from the occasional picture that the master had something to do with Long Live Master but she did not know whether the relationship happened in the stainless steel edging strip front or in the back It was not until a year ago that the prince asked his master to go to bed After the two sisters looked wrong she gave a thump in her heart She didn't know if something had really happened when the master went out If something goes wrong it's really good to be a long-lived master but if it's someone else there's really no place to turn around Now see the prince came in a hurry today naturally anxious! "What's the panic It's nothing How can the master be a man without a plan" The author has something to say Han Fei You still don't come out Kangxi How dare you not ask me for help in the palace 35 Chapter 35 Red Envelope Group (V 2-in-1 01) Red Envelope Group (Part 1) People in the outside worried about the Han imperial concubine Han imperial concubine looked at the eyes of the drunken prince also pinched the sweat Red envelope group shows the task "Strategy Prince Task Accept Prince Affection Belonging 'Accept' or 'Rejection'" Han Fei is like watching a trick Is the red envelope group funny with her Accept the prince's emotional belonging Do you want to be a stand-in for the heroine of the original book Hanfei didn't want to click the'refuse 'button but she didn't respond for a long time Instead the prince was lit by Hanfei and his whole body was hot He took Hanfei's hand and his voice was hoarse "Feifei you also have feelings for Gu right Accept Gu Gu promised you to treat you well in the future and keep a distance from your elder sister" Prince emotional frustration at this time to see Han Fei as if to see the life-saving straw in general He urgently needs someone to recognize him now The person he has spoiled for so many years is not a ruthless woman nor is it just a woman who with the help of his influence waits for the time to be ripe and quickly falls into the arms of others Whoo "Your Highness please let go of my concubine" 。 jecatrims.com